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Now available at http://jmc.stanford.edu/articles/mcchay69.html.
Online at https://www.ijcai.org/proceedings/1971, pp 270–278.
Discussed at length in The Computer Revolution in Philosophy: Philosophy, science and models of mindhttp://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/crp/.
More details available here http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/meta-configured-genome.html.
Many examples are discussed in this paper and papers it references: http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/impossible.html.
http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/compositionality.html is an incomplete attempt to develop further aspects of this idea.
Many years ago I wrote to him suggesting that what he called “Cartesian Linguistics” should be called Kantian linguistics ... but to no avail.
Please note: these ideas are still under development—corrections and suggestions welcome.
Giving the above sentence to google-translate and asking it to translate into a few other languages and back to English, produces evidence of incomprehension that seems to vary between target languages. The Winograd Schema challenge is closely related to this point: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winograd_Schema_Challenge.
Which included the Alan Turing Centenary Conference, Manchester UK, June 22–25, 2012.
This possibility was anticipated in a short story “The machine stops” by the novelist E.M.Forster in 1909, http://archive.ncsa.illinois.edu/prajlich/forster.html.
Try giving the sentence “I like meat with gravy whereas I prefer fish with sauce” to a translation program, and then translate the result back to English.
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Kunze, L., Sloman, A. A Philosophically Motivated View on AI and Robotics. Künstl Intell 33, 429–445 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13218-019-00621-1