From Texts to Networks: Detecting and Managing the Impact of Methodological Choices for Extracting Network Data from Text Data
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This thesis (Diesner in Technical Report CMU-ISR-12-101, 2012) addresses a series of methodological problems related to extracting information on socio-technical networks from natural language text data. Theories and models from the social sciences are leveraged and combined with computational approaches to (a) construct, analyze and compare network data and (b) combine text data and network data for analysis. This thesis entails various projects that serve three purposes: First, the impact of various common coding choices, including reference resolution and co-occurrence-based link formation, on network data and analysis results is empirically identified across multiple types of text data and domains. Second, different relation extraction methods are compared across various over-time, open-source, large-scale datasets with respect to the resulting network data and analysis results. This study offers a complement to traditional strategies for accuracy assessment. The relation extraction methods considered include network data construction based on (a) manually versus automatically built thesauri, (b) meta-data, and (c) collaboration with subject matter experts. Third, the concepts of grouping and roles from network analysis are integrated with text mining methods to enable the theoretically grounded, joint consideration of text data and network data for real-world applications.
Overall, in this thesis, an interdisciplinary and computationally rigorous approach is used; thereby advancing the intersection of network analysis, natural language processing and computing. The contributions made with this work help people to utilize text data for network analysis, and to collect, manage and interpret rich network data at any scale. These steps are preconditions for asking substantive and graph-theoretic questions, testing hypotheses, and advancing theories about networks.
KeywordsSocio-technical networks Semantic networks Entity extraction Relation extraction Reference resolution Network clustering
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) IGERT 9972762, the Army Research Institute (ARI) W91WAW07C0063, the Army Research Laboratory (ARL/CTA) DAAD19-01-2-0009, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) MURI FA9550-05-1-0388, the Office of Naval Research (ONR) MURI N00014-08-11186, and a Siebel Scholarship. Additional support was provided by CASOS, the Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems at Carnegie Mellon University. The views and conclusions contained in this paper are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of any sponsor, including the NSF, ARI, ARL, AFOSR, ONR, or the United States Government. I am grateful to my dissertation committee, chaired by Dr. Kathleen M. Carley, and further including William Cohen, Carolyn Rosé and Jeffrey Johnson, for their comments on this work.
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