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Table 5 The effect of task intensities on changes in average age

From: The impact of the great recession on employment polarization in Spain

  All Males Females
  (1) (2) (3) (1) (2) (3) (1) (2) (3)
Independent variables 1997–2012 1997–2007 With time interactions 1997–2012 1997–2007 With time interactions 1997–2012 1997–2007 With time interactions
Abstract intensity \(-\)8.713** \(-\)11.025*** \(-\)11.025*** \(-\)6.900** \(-\)10.513*** \(-\)10.513*** \(-\)3.049 \(-\)7.232** \(-\)7.232**
(3.410) (2.561) (2.564) (3.454) (3.150) (3.153) (4.159) (3.466) (3.471)
Abstract intensity* dummy period (2012–2007)    12.357***    13.285***    10.619**
   (3.234)    (3.889)    (4.483)
Routine intensity 5.149*** 2.987 2.987 3.373** 0.989 0.989 4.679 3.055 3.055
(1.739) (1.963) (1.965) (1.452) (1.751) (1.753) (3.324) (2.551) (2.555)
Routine intensity* dummy period (2012–2007)    \(-\)0.665    1.476    \(-\)2.372
   (2.463)    (2.487)    (3.734)
Service intensity \(-\)4.673* 0.322 0.322 \(-\)2.420 3.553 3.553 \(-\)6.856 \(-\)1.684 \(-\)1.684
(2.437) (2.495) (2.498) (2.443) (2.259) (2.262) (5.651) (3.833) (3.838)
Service intensity* dummy period (2012–2007)    \(-\)5.350*    \(-\)9.779***    \(-\)1.787
   (2.968)    (2.977)    (6.057)
Routinization index 0.830*** 0.470 0.476* 0.547** 0.155 0.152 0.765** 0.480 0.480
(0.235) (0.311) (0.314) (0.217) (0.271) (0.272) (0.511) (0.398) (0.399)
Routinization index* dummy period (2012–2007)    \(-\)0.821    0.253    \(-\)0.339
   (0.387)    (0.384)    (0.581)
Observations 70 86 156 70 86 156 69 81 147
  1. Dependent variable: change in average age
  2. Each coefficient corresponds to a separate OLS regression of the dependent variable on the control variables and a constant. Robust standard errors in parentheses. *** Significant at 1 % level, ** significant at 5 % level, * significant at 10 % level. Number of observations is the number of occupations at ISCO88 3 digits level. These estimations include also period time dummies not reported here. All estimations are weighted by the weight of employment of each ISCO88 3 digits occupation in total employment