Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of indigenous lactobacilli isolated from curd and human milk samples
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The gut microbiota plays a vital role in host well-being and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have gained an overwhelming attention as health promoter. This perception has evolved from traditional dairy products to a money-spinning market of probiotics. The safety of probiotics is coupled to their intended use and LAB may act as pool of antimicrobial resistance genes that could be transferred to pathogens, either in food matrix or in gastrointestinal tract, which could be detrimental to host. This study evaluated the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of LAB isolated from curd (20) and human milk (11) samples. Antibiotic susceptibility was determined against 26 common antibiotics, following reference disc diffusion assay. A varied response in terms of susceptibility and resistance towards antibiotics was recorded. Among curd isolates, D7 (Lactobacillus plantarum) was the most resistant followed by D4, D8, D10 and D25. Among human milk isolates, HM-1 (L. casei) showed the highest resistance profile. All LAB isolates displayed high susceptibility pattern towards imipenem and meropenem. In general, high resistivity was exhibited by human milk isolates. The present study showed that antibiotic resistance is widespread among different lactobacilli, which may pose a food safety concern. Therefore, antibiotic sensitivity should be considered as a vital tool for safety assessment of probiotics.
KeywordsAntibiotic resistance Susceptibility Lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus Probiotics
Lactic acid bacteria
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from SERB-MoFPI (SERB/MoFPI/026/2015) and SERB-DST (SB/YS/LS-131/2014), Government of India for carrying out the research work.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest declared.
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