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Enhancement of soot combustion in diesel particulate filters by ceria nanofiber coating

Abstract

Diesel particulate filter (DPF) is an advanced technology adopted in diesel vehicles to control particulate matter emissions. However, particulates get accumulated in the DPF and have to be regenerated periodically to reduce the backpressure. Passive regeneration can be done with the aid of catalytic coating on the DPF, for the oxidation of soot. In the present work, Ceria which is an excellent catalyst has been coated over the DPF as nanofibers to ensure passive regeneration at a lower temperature, which aids in the continuous regeneration without soot accumulation. The cerium oxide nanofibers were synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis and characterized. The ceria nanofibers were coated on FeCrAl alloy by dip-coating method, and the regeneration studies were done by Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and CO2 emission analysis. TGA analysis shows that the ceria nanofibers ignite the soot oxidation at a lower temperature of 300 °C. CO2 emission analysis shows that the onset temperature of regeneration for the coated sample is 60 °C lesser than that of the uncoated sample. The pressure drop across the DPF for the coated and non-coated sample was found to be almost the same. The prototype of the DPF was tested in a single-cylinder diesel engine. Emission studies show a reduction in opacity up to 10% for the coated DPF as compared to uncoated DPF. Thus the rate of accumulation of soot in the DPF will be decreased, resulting in the increased mileage as the interval of the post-injection for regeneration can be increased.

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Correspondence to V. Sajith.

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Gautham, V., Chinglenthoiba, C., John, J. et al. Enhancement of soot combustion in diesel particulate filters by ceria nanofiber coating. Appl Nanosci 10, 2429–2438 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-020-01425-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-020-01425-8

Keywords

  • DPF
  • Nanofiber
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Catalyst regeneration
  • CO2 emission