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Inter- and intrasporal nuclear ribosomal gene sequence variation within one isolate of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Diversispora sp.

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Abstract

Most molecular ecological studies of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been based on the rRNA gene sequences. However, information about intraspecific nucleotide variation is still limited in these fungi. In this study, we calculated the inter- and intrasporal nucleotide variation of Diversispora sp. EE1 using 78 cloned sequences from four spores within a ca 4960 bp fragment of the nuclear ribosomal operon spanning the near full length small ribosomal subunit (SSU) rRNA gene, the full internal transcribed spacer (ITS: ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) and ca 2740 bp of the large ribosomal subunit (LSU) rRNA gene. Data for each marker region (SSU, ITS and LSU) originated from the very same spores. Sequence variation resulting from point mutations and small indels was recorded in all regions. Highest sequence variation was observed in the ITS region at both the inter- and intrasporal levels. The ITS1 component was more variable than ITS2, whilst the 5.8S gene was the least variable component of the ITS region. Evolutionary divergence of gene copies between spores was intermediate for the LSU and lowest for the SSU. The SSU and the LSU genes had relatively similar evolutionary divergence per spore. Sequence variant richness was not exhaustive for any of the marker regions, indicating that multiple sequences per spore from multiple spores are needed when characterizing a species. This study provides reference sequences for ecological studies, permitting identification of AMF using any of the ribosomal regions or primer systems.

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Acknowledgements

This research was funded by grants from the Estonian Science Foundation (9050, 9157, 7738), targeted financing (SF0180098s08), and the European Regional Development Fund (Center of Excellence FIBIR). We thank John Davison for help with bioinformatics. We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for useful comments on the manuscript.

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Thiéry, O., Moora, M., Vasar, M. et al. Inter- and intrasporal nuclear ribosomal gene sequence variation within one isolate of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Diversispora sp.. Symbiosis 58, 135–147 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13199-012-0212-0

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