Skip to main content

System reconfiguration under open phase fault in a three-phase induction motor field-oriented controlled


The purpose of this paper is to present a system reconfiguration for a three-phase induction motor (IM) in the event of an open-phase (OP) fault. After the occurrence of the fault, the challenge is how to ensure a safe operation when the IM is only supplied by two phases. The star point of stator is used to reconfigure the IM supply, and a fault tolerant rotor field-oriented control (FT-RFOC) is implemented. Consequently, an equivalent mathematical two-phase model is firstly calculated based on the two available currents. Modifications on the conventional space vector modulation (SVM) algorithm are also introduced in order to control the reconfigured inverter. This system reconfiguration is applied to achieve a safe post-operating after the occurrence of the OP fault. The implemented tests confirm the proposal and prove its effectiveness to compensate for the fault effect.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10


  • “19. [Paul_C._Krause,_Oleg_Wasynczuk,_Scott_D._Sudhoff](” .

  • Bermudez M, Gonzalez-Prieto I, Barrero F, Guzman H, Duran MJ, Kestelyn X (2017) Open-phase fault-tolerant direct torque control technique for five-phase induction motor drives. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 64(2):902–911

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • de Rossiter B, Correa M, Brandao Jacobina C, Cabral da Silva ER, Nogueira Lima AM (2001) An induction motor drive system with improved fault tolerance. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 37(3):873–879

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • De Rossiter Correa MB, Jacobina CB, Lima AMN, Da Silva ERC (2000) Rotor-flux-oriented control of a single-phase induction motor drive. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 47(4):832–841

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dwari S, Parsa L (2008) An optimal control technique for multiphase PM machines under open-circuit faults. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 55(5):1988–1995

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gaeta A, Scelba G, Consoli A (2013) Modeling and control of Three}-{Phase {PMSMs} Under {Open}-{Phase} {Fault}. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 49(1):74–83

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gajanayake CJ, Bhangu B, Nadarajan S, Jayasinghe G (2011) Fault tolerant control method to improve the torque and speed response in PMSM drive with winding faults, In: Proceedings of International Conference Power Electronics Drive System, December, pp 956–961

  • Hang J, Zhang J, Cheng M, Ding S (2016) Detection and discrimination of open-phase fault in permanent magnet synchronous motor drive system. IEEE Trans Power Electron 31(7):4697–4709

    Google Scholar 

  • Jannati M, Monadi A, Idris NRN (2016) “Fault-tolerant control of 3-phase im drive (speed-sensor fault and open-phase fault). 2015 IEEE Conf Energy Conversion, CENCON 2015(5):384–389

    Google Scholar 

  • Kianinezhad R, Nahid-mobarakeh B, Baghli L, Betin F, Capolino G (2008) Modeling and control of six-phase symmetrical induction machine under fault condition due to open phases. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 55(5):1966–1977

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lip TA (1996) An approach to modeling and field-oriented control of a three phase induction machine with structural unbalance, pp 380–386.

  • Liu T-H, Fu J-R, Lipo TA (1993) A strategy for improving reliability of field-oriented controlled induction motor drives. IEEE Trans Ind Appl 29(5):910–918

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lúcio R et al (2004) Fault-tolerant voltage-fed PWM inverter AC motor drive systems. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 51(2):439–446

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meinguet F, Gyselinck J (2010) Sensor and open-phase fault de tection and isolation f or three-phase ac drives, pp 1–6.

  • Mirafzal B (2014) Survey of fault-tolerance techniques for three-phase voltage source inverters. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 61(10):5192–5202

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nikpayam M, Ghanbari M, Esmaeli A, Jannati M (2020) An optimized vector control strategy for induction machines during open-phase failure condition using particle swarm optimization algorithm. Int Trans Elect Energy Syst 30(112):1–23

    Google Scholar 

  • Saleh K, Sumner M (2016) Sensorless control of a fault tolerant PMSM drives in case of single-phase open circuit fault. Int J Power Electron Drive Syst 7(4):1061–1074

    Google Scholar 

  • Sayed-Ahmed A, Demerdash NAO (2012) Fault-tolerant operation of delta-connected scalar- and vector-controlled AC motor drives. IEEE Trans Power Electron 27(6):3041–3049

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shabandokht-Zarami M, Ghanbari M, Alibeiki E, Jannati M (2021) A modified FOC strategy with optimal rotor flux for FTC of star-connected TPIMDs against single-phase open fault. IEEE Canadian J Elect Comput Eng 44(1):83–93

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taherzadeh M, Carriere S, Joorabian M, Betin F, Kianinezhad R, Capolino GA (2014) Analysis and control of six-phase induction machines in unbalanced operating situation due to phase opening, In: IECON proceedings of industrial electronics conference, pp 417–423

  • Tani A, Mengoni M, Zarri L, Serra G, Casadei D (2012) Control of multiphase induction motors with an odd number of phases under open-circuit phase faults. IEEE Trans Power Electron 27(2):565–577

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Trabelsi M, Boussak M, Gossa M (2012) PWM-switching pattern-based diagnosis scheme for single and multiple open-switch damages in VSI-fed induction motor drives. ISA Trans 51(2):333–344

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wu F, Zhao J (2016) A real-time multiple open-circuit fault diagnosis method in voltage-source-inverter fed vector controlled drives. IEEE Trans Power Electron 31(2):1425–1437

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Not applicable.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



Not applicable.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Adel Belbach.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Belbach, A., Naït-Saïd, MS. & Naït-Saïd, N. System reconfiguration under open phase fault in a three-phase induction motor field-oriented controlled. Int J Syst Assur Eng Manag (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • System reconfiguration
  • Field-oriented control
  • Fault-tolerant control
  • Induction motor
  • Open-phase
  • Space vector modulation