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Cassava pomace-based biodegradable packaging materials: a review

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Abstract

Starch-based biodegradable packaging materials are gaining popularity as an alternative to the adverse environmental effects caused by conventional packaging materials. Despite the fact that cassava can withstand harsh environmental conditions and convert a greater quantity of solar energy into carbohydrates, its postharvest shelf life is extremely short. The preparation of cassava starch is an important method for extending the storage life of cassava. When one ton of cassava is processed, approximately 900 kg of cassava pomace, also known as cassava bagasse and cassava pulp, are produced. Due to the high residual starch and fibre content, reinforced packaging materials made from cassava pomace predominate. In the present manuscript, many possible uses of cassava pomace in packaging materials are discussed.  Furthermore, the performance attributes of packing materials assume a crucial role in the evaluation of the quality of the respective materials. The manuscript discusses various performance characteristics of packaging materials derived from cassava pomace. The features discussed include water vapour permeability, moisture content, solubility, thickness, colour, light barrier properties, mechanical properties, FT-IR analysis, thermal stability, biodegradation, contact angle, and the presence of plasticizers. Though cassava starch film has become a favourable substitute for conventional packaging materials, commercialization is limited due to having drawbacks, and the current solutions are also catalogued in this review.

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Abbreviations

WVP:

Water vapor permeability

PVA:

Polyvinyl alcohol

FTIR:

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

LCNF:

Lignocellulose nanofibers

PVA:

Polyvinyl alcohol

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Acknowledgements

The authors thankfully acknowledge the Research Council, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka for the provision of financial facilities to conduct the study. (Grant Number: ASP/01/RE/SCI/2022/23).

Funding

University of Sri Jayewardenepura (Grant Number: ASP/01/RE/SCI/2022/23).

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Chalani Akmeemana wrote the manuscript;  Dulani Somendrika conceived, supervised the work, and edited the manuscript;  Indira Wickramasinghe conceived, supervised the work, and edited the manuscript;  Isuru Wijesekara conceived, supervised the work, and edited the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Dulani Somendrika.

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The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

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Akmeemana, C., Somendrika, D., Wickramasinghe, I. et al. Cassava pomace-based biodegradable packaging materials: a review. J Food Sci Technol 61, 1013–1034 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-023-05807-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-023-05807-y

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