The effect of enzymatically treated ripe banana flour on the sensory quality and glycemic response of banana-wheat flour composite muffins

Abstract

Banana are the most consumed fruit worldwide, due to their good flavour and nutritional characteristics; however, when the banana is very or over ripe, the acceptability by the consumer decreases, and in many cases the fruit must be discarded. An alternative to consume these fruits and revalue these discards is their use as a food ingredient. The presence of bioactive compounds gives added value to this type of ingredients; therefore, using methods, such as enzymatic treatment, that increase their presence is of great interest. In this work a commercial pectinase (Viscozyme L) was applied in a flour produced from whole overripe banana; then, the treated flour was used to elaborate a baked product. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of the incorporation of an enzymatic treated overripe banana (Musa cavendishii) flour in the sensory evaluation of muffins and, to stablish if the consumption of this food produce an effect on glycaemic response against a control food. The enzyme application produces an increment of 52% of antioxidant activity with a value of 12,791.6 μmolTE/100 g, and a presence of 4.5% RS instead 3.5% in non-treated flour. The sensory evaluation study was conducted with 4 products, using an untrained panel; selecting a muffin with 50% of wheat flour replaced with the banana treated one. This one contains 9.49% of dietary fibre. The glycaemic response study was conducted with 20 healthy volunteers, using as control a 100% wheat flour product, non-observing significant differences between both products. This work contributes to the knowledge about the potential use of a food discard as an ingredient of a food of massive consumption.

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Acknowledgements

Financial support by Project FONDECYT 1140909 (CONICYT) and CREAS GORE-CONICYT R17A10001.

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Correspondence to Carmen Soto-Maldonado.

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Soto-Maldonado, C., Concha-Olmos, J. & Zúñiga-Hansen, M.E. The effect of enzymatically treated ripe banana flour on the sensory quality and glycemic response of banana-wheat flour composite muffins. J Food Sci Technol 57, 3621–3627 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04394-6

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Keywords

  • Banana flour
  • Viscozyme L catalysts
  • Glycaemic response
  • Healthy food