Application of fluorescence spectroscopy and chemometric models for the detection of vegetable oil adulterants in Maltese virgin olive oils
Fluorescence spectrometry, combined with principle component analysis, partial least-squares regression (PLSR) and artificial neural network (ANN), was applied for the analysis of Maltese extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) adulterated by blending with vegetable oil (corn oil, soybean oil, linseed oil, or sunflower oil). The novel results showed that adjusted PLSR models based on synchronised spectra for detecting the % amount of EVOO in vegetable oil blends had a lower root mean square error (0.02–6.27%) and higher R2 (0.983–1.000) value than those observed when using PLSR on the whole spectrum. This study also highlights the use of ANN as an alternative chemometric tool for the detection of olive oil adulteration. The performance of the model generated by the ANN is highly dependent both on the type of data input and the mode of cross validation; for spectral data which had a variable importance plot value > 0.8 the excluded row cross validation was more appropriate while for complete spectral analysis k-fold or CV-10 was more appropriate.
KeywordsAdulteration Chemometrics EVOO Spectrofluorimetry Synchronised spectra ANN PLSR PCA
The research carried out was funded by the Malta Government Scholarships Post-Graduate Scheme for 2014 (MGSS-PG 2014).
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