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Heterocyclic aromatic amines in deep fried lamb meat: The influence of spices marination and sensory quality

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Abstract

The present study was focused to investigate the effect of selected spices (turmeric, torch ginger, lemongrass and curry leaves) on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs, IQx, MeIQ, MeIQx, DiMeIQx, IQ, harman, norharman, and AαC) in deep fried lamb meat. Meat samples were marinated with optimized levels of turmeric (4 %), 10 % each of torch ginger, lemon grass, curry leaves at medium (70 °C) and well done (80 °C) doneness temperatures. The concentration of HCAs in deep fried meat samples were analysed using LC-MS/MS technique. The results revealed that torch ginger (10 %) has reduced 74.8 % of Me1Qx (1.39 to 0.35 ng/g) at medium doneness, followed by the 64.7 % reduction, using curry leaves and turmeric at medium degree of doneness. Torch ginger has reduced 86.6 % of AαC (2.59 to 0.40 ng/g) at well done doneness. The most prevalence level of HCAs was found in deep fried meat i.e. DiMeIQ (3.69 ng/g) at well done doneness. The sensory evaluation, using a 7 point hedonic test design for colour and texture in deep fried meat samples were resulted in a preferred color of golden brown and slightly tough texture. The use of local spices in marinating of deep fried lamb meat samples will certainly inhibit/reduce the level of these toxic and harmful HCAs.

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Correspondence to Jinap S. or Shahzad Zafar Iqbal.

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The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests.

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Research Highlights

• The results revealed that torch ginger (10 %) has reduced 74.8 % of Me1Qx (from 1.39 to 0.35 ng/g) at medium doneness

• Curry leaves and turmeric have reduced 64.7 % of Me1Qx at medium doneness

• However, torch ginger has reduced 86.6 % of AαC (2.59 to 0.40 ng/g) at well done doneness

• The results have shown that most prevalence level 3.69 ng/g was found DiMeIQ in deep fried meat at well done doneness

• The sensory evaluation has showed preferred color of golden brown for deep fried meat

• However, for preferred texture, the results of sensory evaluation revealed slightly tough texture of deep fried meat

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S., J., Iqbal, S.Z., Talib, N.H. et al. Heterocyclic aromatic amines in deep fried lamb meat: The influence of spices marination and sensory quality. J Food Sci Technol 53, 1411–1417 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-015-2137-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-015-2137-0

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