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Glycemic index and quality evaluation of little millet (Panicum miliare) flakes with enhanced shelf life

Abstract

Little millet is a minor cereal crop contains several nutraceutical components. Ready To Cook (RTC) flakes of the millet exhibited higher total dietary fiber content (22.40 %) compared to dehulled grain (15.80 %). One serving (30 g) of RTC flakes provided 2.25 g of protein, 0.13 g of fat, 0.13 g of total minerals, 9.67 mg of iron and zero trans fats. The flakes possessed a medium Glycemic Index (GI) of 52.11 ranging from 41.57 to 61.80 among normal volunteers. Glycemic Load (GL) of the flakes was a low of 9.24. The RTC flakes exhibited an acceptability index of 81.11. The flakes possessed a shelf life of more than 6 months with an acceptability index of 67.55, moisture content of 11.82 per cent and Free fatty acid content of 18.02 per cent at the end of sixth month of storage period.

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Correspondence to Kavita B. Patil.

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Patil, K.B., Chimmad, B.V. & Itagi, S. Glycemic index and quality evaluation of little millet (Panicum miliare) flakes with enhanced shelf life. J Food Sci Technol 52, 6078–6082 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-014-1663-5

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Keywords

  • Little millet
  • Panicum miliare
  • Glycemic index
  • Glycemic load
  • Flakes