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Preliminary nutritional and biological potential of Artocarpus heterophyllus L. shell powder

Abstract

Artocarpus heterophyllus shell powder was investigated in terms of its nutritional and biological potential. A thorough examination of shell powder demonstrated its potential as a source of minerals, β carotene and dietary fiber, which were assessed gravimetrically & spectrophotometrically. This showed 3.05 ± 0.19 g 100 g−1 DW of alkaloids followed by saponins and tannins. Three different extracts; acetone, methanol, & mix solvent were used to evaluate phenolic & flavonoid content, antioxidant & antimicrobial activity, GC/MS screening and quantitative analysis of polyphenols. Among all, the methanol extract showed highest antioxidant activity evaluated by DPPH, FRAP & ABTS assays and was significantly correlated with phenolic and flavonoid contents. Phenolic & flavonoid content was found to be 158 ± 0.34 mg (GAE) and 10.0 ± 0.64 mg (CE) respectively. The results of antimicrobial activity showed that L. monocytogenes was more susceptible to all extracts followed by other microorganisms. Catechin, ascorbic & chlorogenic acids were identified as major polyphenols analyzed by LC-MS/MS. GC/MS analysis showed that it contains a variety of compounds with different therapeutic activities. The study revealed that A. heterophyllus shell is a good source of natural antioxidants & other bioactive compounds and can be used in cosmetics, medicines and functional food application.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the state Grading Laboratory, Directorate of Agricultural Marketing, Delhi, India for their financial support.

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Correspondence to Anubhuti Sharma.

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Sharma, A., Gupta, P. & Verma, A.K. Preliminary nutritional and biological potential of Artocarpus heterophyllus L. shell powder. J Food Sci Technol 52, 1339–1349 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-013-1130-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-013-1130-8

Keywords

  • Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Antioxidant
  • Polyphenols
  • LC-MS/MS
  • Antibacterial
  • GC/MS
  • Dietary fiber