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Properties of jute stick binderless particleboard reinforced with bagasse pith

Abstract

The paper entails improving the mechanical properties, and the dimensional stabilities of jute stick binderless particleboard (JBPB) reinforced with baggage pith. Different composition ratios of bagasse pith (BP) and jute stick (JS) particles, and pressing temperatures (180 and 200 °C) were used for board fabrication with a target density of 0.9 g/cm3. The results revealed that the single-layer admixture boards (50JS–50BP) showed higher mechanical properties and dimensional stability compared to only JS board (100JS–0BP) or only BP board (0JS–100BP) at a pressing temperature of 180 °C. The use of BP particles at different composition ratios with JS particles for JBPBs fabrication showed better strength and stability properties than the admixture board. The properties were considerably improved by increasing the core materials of JS particles for JBPBs reinforced with BP pressed at 200 °C. The 20BP–60JS–20BP board with surface: core materials (40: 60) had the highest modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), and thickness swelling (TS) values were 25.29 N/mm2, 3941.8 N/mm2, and 16.56%, respectively, which satisfied the minimum requirement for type-18 of particleboard JIS A 5908 (2003). The higher proportion of small-size JS particles in the core layer and long BP particles on surface layers at 200 °C enhanced the bonding properties for 20BP:60JS:20BP board. Hence, it could be concluded that by controlling the composition ratio of BP and JS particles at effective pressing temperatures, high-performance binderless particleboard reinforced with BP could be fabricated.

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Fig. 1

Data availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Code availability

Not applicable.

Abbreviations

BPB:

Binderless Particleboard

JBPB:

Jute Stick Binderless Particleboard

JS:

Jute Stick

BP:

Bagasse Pith

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Acknowledgements

The first author would like to acknowledge the Higher Education Quality Enhancement Project (HEQEP) CP 4035 funded by the World Bank and Ministry of Education, the People's Republic of Bangladesh for the fellowship support. The authors are grateful to Professor Dr. Md Nabiul Islam Khan, Forestry and Wood Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh, for his contribution to graphical presentation.

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MIS performed the research plan and IPN prepared the board and evaluates the properties of the board. MA and SR performed the literature search. IPN, MIS and MNI performed the data analysis. IPN prepared the first draft of the manuscript. MIS and MA were the major contributors for finalizing the manuscript. All authors read and finalize the final manuscript for submission.

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Correspondence to Ireen Parvin Nitu.

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Nitu, I.P., Rahman, S., Islam, M.N. et al. Properties of jute stick binderless particleboard reinforced with bagasse pith. J Indian Acad Wood Sci 19, 16–22 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13196-022-00293-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13196-022-00293-9

Key words

  • Bagasse pith particle
  • Jute stick particle
  • Binderless particleboard
  • Mechanical property
  • Dimensional stability