Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 122–126 | Cite as

Histo-anatomical and bio-chemical study of Dendrocalamus brandisii (Munro) Kurz before, during and after flowering

Original Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Histo-chemical and bio-chemical changes associated with all the stages of flowering of Dendrocalamus brandisii have been studied. Starch distribution along and across the culm-wall was assessed qualitatively and quantitatively using standard methods. The average starch content varies significantly among the different stages of the culm. The average starch content was lowest in after-flowering culms (3.5%) followed by during flowering culms (7.8%) and maximum in non-flowered bamboo (10.8%). Further it is seen that the starch content also vary long the culm height. High concentration of starch was observed towards the top in before-flowering culms, while the distribution of starch was found to be uniform along the culm height in during-flowering culms. However, in after-flowered culms, comparatively more starch granules were observed in the middle of the culms and very traces were observed both in base and top portion of the culms. Although there was variation in the starch content along the culm heights, these variations were not statistically significant. Histo-chemical and bio-chemical studies on bamboo culms indicate that the starch content of D. brandisii culms depletes after flowering. It was also observed that culms with less starch content (after flowering culms) were more resistant towards powder post beetle attack.

Keywords

Bamboo Dendrocalamus brandisii Histo-chemistry Bio-chemistry Starch 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely thank D.G., ICFRE for providing financial support for this study. Director, Institute of Wood Science and Technology is gratefully acknowledged for his encouragement during the course of this work.

References

  1. Bhat KV, Varma RV (2006) Optimization of harvesting and post-harvest technology to economize bamboo resource utilization. In: KFRI Research Report, vol 285. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi p 67Google Scholar
  2. Chaowana P (2013) Bamboo: An alternative raw material for wood and wood-based composites. J Mater Sci Res 2(2):90–102Google Scholar
  3. Dransfield S, Widjaja EA (1995) Plant resources of Southeast Asia PROSEA no: 7 Bamboos. Backhuys Publishers, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  4. Gadgil M, Prasad SN (1984) Ecological determinants of life history evolution of two Indian Bamboo species. Biotropica 18:161–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Garg RK, Sharma RK, Kothari RM (1998) Some insight on the death of bamboo after flowering. Indian For 5(124):342–346Google Scholar
  6. Gonzales LL, Quimio JRMJ, Umali JRPA (1998) The flowering of bolo in plantation. Canopy Int 24(6):11–12Google Scholar
  7. Krishnamurthy KV (1988) Methods in plant histochemistry. S. Vishwanathan Printers & Publishers Pvt. Ltd, ChennaiGoogle Scholar
  8. Kumar R, Pal M (2003) Carbohydrates in relation to rooting of culm cuttings of Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.). Indian For 129:1355–1360Google Scholar
  9. Liese W (1980) Preservation of bamboos. In: Lessard G, Chouinard A (eds) Bamboo research in Asia. Proceedings of workshop held in Singapore 28–30 May, 1980. IDRC, Ottawa, Canada. pp 161–164Google Scholar
  10. Liese W (1998) The anatomy of bamboo culms. International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR), Technical report no. 18, Beijing, ChinaGoogle Scholar
  11. Mathew G, Nair KSS (1994) Factors influencing susceptibility of stored reed (Ochlandra travancorica) to infestation by Dinoderus borers (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). In: Proceedings of 6th Kerala Science Congress, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. pp 78–80Google Scholar
  12. Nirmala C, Bisht MS, Sheena H (2011) Nutritional properties of bamboo shoots: potential and prospects for utilization as health food. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 10:153–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rao RV, Sujatha M, Shikala S, Sethy AK, Angadi VG (2008) Bamboo flowering-preliminary observations on histochemical and boichemical properties of culms of Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss, besch. During different phases of life cycle (Part 1). J Indian Acad Wood Sci 5(1&2):52–66Google Scholar
  14. Rao RV, Kumar P, Sudheendra R, Shukla SR, Sharma SK (2009) Bamboo flowering-preliminary observations on Physico-mechanical properties of culms of Bambusa bambos during different phases of life cycle (Part II). Indian For 135:745–750Google Scholar
  15. Sadasivam S, Manickam A (2005) Biochemical Methods 2nd edn. New Age International Publication Limited, New Delhi, pp 11–12Google Scholar
  16. Seethalakshmi KK (2009) Flowering and seed production, seed handling, seedling production and vegetative propagation of bamboos. NBM-BTSG Training on Priority Species, Resource Estimation, Plantation Development, Post Harvest Technology and Socio-economic Livelihood Potential of Bamboos, November 23–30Google Scholar
  17. Viswanath S, Dhanya B, Rathore TS (2007) Domestication of Dendrocalamus brandisii in upland paddy field in Coorg, Karnataka. J Bamboo and Rattan 6(3&4):215–222Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Wood Science 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Surendra S. Bisht
    • 1
  • Anil K. Sethy
    • 2
  • Amita Pandey
    • 2
  1. 1.Chemistry of Forest Products DivisionInstitute of Wood Science and TechnologyMalleshwaram, BengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Wood Properties and Engineered Wood DivisionInstitute of Wood Science and TechnologyMalleshwaram, BengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations