Journal of the Indian Academy of Wood Science

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 115–121 | Cite as

Hybrid particleboard from kadam (Anthocephalus chinensis) reinforced with dhaincha (Sesbania aculeata): effects of particle mixing ratio on physical and mechanical properties

  • Sourav Bagchi Ratul
  • Khandkar-Siddikur Rahman
  • Md. Abu Wabaeid Hasan
  • Md. Azharul Islam
  • Md. Nazrul Islam
  • Md. Iftekhar Shams
Original Article

Abstract

This study deals with the fabrication of three layer hybrid particleboard using kadam branch (Anthocephalus chinensis (Lam.) A. Rich ex Walp.) and dhaincha (Sesbania aculeata (Willd.)) as raw material with urea formaldehyde resin adhesive as 11% in the face and 9% in the core. Two types of particleboard i.e., dhaincha fine particles: face layer and kadam wood coarse particles:core layer (HB-A) and dhaincha kadam fine mix:face layer and coarse mix:core layer (HB-B) were produced by using three different mixing ratios (50:50, 60:40 and 70:30). Physical and mechanical properties of hybrid particleboards were evaluated according to the procedure of ASTM D-1037 standard. It was found that the particle mixing ratio has a significant effect on the physical and mechanical properties of hybrid particleboards. Consequently, containing lower face layer (30 wt%), the HB-A and HB-B board showed highest density (0.61 and 0.64 g/cm3, respectively) as well as MOE (2.56 and 3.56 GPa, respectively) and MOR (18.6 and 26.62 MPa, respectively) among hybrid particleboards. Presence of wood fine particles in face layer also proved effective in properties enhancement. Due to having wood fine particles content in face layer, HB-B type hybrid boards showed higher density and bending strength than HB-A boards. Presence of wood particles in face layer also reduces the WA and TS of the boards. Significant difference was examined among the properties of six particleboards during statistical analysis. The results confirmed that HB-A3 and HB-B3 particleboards met the minimum ANSI A208.1 requirements for physical and mechanical properties of M-3 grade particleboard. In decay resistance test, HB-A type particleboards showed resistance to white rot, but non-resistant for brown rot fungi where the HB-B type particleboards showed moderately resistant to both fungi. So the results indicated that the fabrication HB-B type hybrid particleboards would be technically feasible under lower face layer percentage.

Keywords

Face layer Core layer UF resin Modulus of elasticity Modulus of rupture Decay resistance 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Akyüz KC, Nemil G, Baharoglu M, Zecovic E (2010) Effects of acidity of the particles and the amount of hardener on the physical and mechanical properties of particleboard composite bonded with urea formaldehyde. Int J Adhes Adhes 30:166–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anonymous (1985) Specification for wood particleboards (medium density) for Genera; purposes (first revision) IS: 3087-1985. Indian Standard Institution, New Delhi, pp 1–19Google Scholar
  3. ANSI (American National Standards Institute) (1999) American National Standard for Particleboard, ANSI/A208.1. Composite Panel Association, GaithersburgGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashaduzzaman M, Sharmin A (2007) Utilization of fast growing species for manufacturing medium density particleboard in Bangladesh. In: Proceedings of the International Panel Products Symposium, Cardiff, UK, 17–19 October 2007, pp 333–400Google Scholar
  5. ASTM (American Society for Testing Materials) (1999) Standard test methods for evaluating properties of wood-based fiber and particle panel materials static tests of timbers, D 1037-93. ASTM, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  6. ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) (2005) Standard method for accelerated laboratory test of natural decay resistance for woods: specification, D-2017. ASTM, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Cave ID (1972) A theory of the shrinkage of wood. Wood Sci Technol 6:284–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Crawshaw J, Cameron RE (2000) A small angle X-ray scattering study of pore structure in Tencel cellulose fibres and the effects of physical treatments. Polymer 41(12):4691–4698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dutt D, Upadhyaya JS, Malik RS, Tyagi RH (2004) Studies on pulp and paper—making characteristics of some indian non-woody fibrous raw materials: part 1. J Sci Ind Res 63:48–57Google Scholar
  10. Feist WC, Sell J (1987) Weathering behavior of dimensionally stabilized wood treated by heating under pressure of nitrogen gas. Wood Fiber Sci 19:183–195Google Scholar
  11. Franz FP, Kollmann EW, Kuenzi AJ, Stamm AJ (1975) Principles of wood science and technology. In: Wood based materials, vol Π. Springer, New York, pp 457–505Google Scholar
  12. Hasan MAW, Islam T, Rahman KS, Ratul SB, Islam MA, Sharmin A, Islam MN (2015) Hybrid particleboard from wood and non-wood species: physical and mechanical properties as a function of particle mixing ratio. Adv Res 3(5):502–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hill C (2006) Wood modification. Chemical, thermal and other processes. Wiley, ChichesterCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Islam MN, Mahfuz AA, Hannan MO, Islam MA (2006) Manufacture and properties of particleboard from Dhaincha (Sesbaniaaculeata). J Biol Sci 6(2):417–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kalam MK, Mohiuddin M, Baasak SR (1996) Village trees of Bangladesh: diversity and economic aspects. Bangladesh J For Sci 25(1&2):21–36Google Scholar
  16. Li X, Chi Z, Winandy JE, Basta AH (2010) Selected properties of particleboard panels manufactured from rice straws of different geometries. Bioresour Technol 101:4662–4666CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Nemli G, Öztürk İ (2006) Influences of some factors on the formaldehyde content of particleboard. Build Environ 41:770–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Obataya E, Tomita B (2002) Hygroscopicity of heat-treated wood II—reversible reductions in the hygroscopicity of wood duetoheating. Mokuzaigakkaishi 48(4):288–295Google Scholar
  19. Ohnishi K, Okudaira Y, Zhang M, Kawai S (2000) Manufacture and properties of oriented medium density fiberboard from non-wood lignocellulosic fibers. I. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 46:114–123Google Scholar
  20. Pan Z, Cathcart A, Wang D (2006) Properties of particleboard bond with rice bran and polymeric methylene diphenyldiisocyanate adhesives. Ind Crops Prod 23(1):40–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Park S, Venditti RA, Jameel H, Pawlak JJ (2006) Changes in pore size distribution during the drying of cellulose fibers as measured by differential scanning calorimetry. Carbohydr Polym 66:97–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Que Z, Furuno T, Katoh S, Nishino Y (2007) Effects of urea-formaldehyde resin mole ratio on the properties of particleboard. Build Environ 42:1257–1263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rahman KS, Saikh AA, Rahman MM, Alam DMN, Alam MR (2013) The potential for using stem and branch of Bhadi (Lanneacoromandelica) as a lignocellulosic raw material for particleboard. Int Res J Biol Sci 2(4):8–12Google Scholar
  24. Sellers T (2000) Growing markets for engineered products spurs research. Wood Technol 127(3):40–43Google Scholar
  25. Sellers T Jr, Miller GD, Fuller MJ (1993) Kenaf core as a board raw material. For Prod J 43(7/8):69–71Google Scholar
  26. Skaar C (1984) Wood–water relationships. In: The chemistry of solid wood, Rowell RM, 511 (ed) Advances in chemistry series, vol 207. American Chemical Society, Washington, pp 127–174Google Scholar
  27. Wardrop AB (1957) The phase of lignification in the differentiation of wood fibres. Tappi 40:225–243Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Wood Science 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forestry and Wood Technology DisciplineKhulna UniversityKhulnaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations