The Results of the Combine Treatment of Patients with Liver Bilobar Metastases from Colorectal Cancer Using Radiofrequency Ablation

  • Oleg Igorevich Kaganov
  • Sergei Vasilevich Kozlov
  • Andrei Evgenyevich Orlov
  • Nikita Vyacheslavovich Blinov
Original Article
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. The mortality from CRC remains very high. The main cause of such a high mortality is a disseminate process with the appearance of distant metastases. In this regard, the treatment of metastatic lesions is recognized as an important trend in modern oncology. The program of study included 176 patients with colorectal cancer after primary tumor removal with the malignant progression—multiple (more than 4) bilobar liver metastases. The research was organized in Samara Regional Oncology Centre from 2001 to 2014. By the treatment method, patients were divided into two groups. Main group got the combined (chemotherapy + radiofrequency ablation (RFA)) treatment (n = 98). In control group, only chemotherapy was applied (n = 78). One-, two-, and three-year OS were 73.5, 25.1, and 7.2% in the main group and 39.6, 6.3, and 2.1% in the control group. The RFA application allowed us to reach the index of 4-year survival 1.8% in the main group, while we received only 2.1 of 3-year survival in the control group. The OS median reached 18 months in the main group and 11 months in the control group. So, the OS curves in two comparing groups were significantly different according to statistics (log-rank test 3.77, р = 0.000). The application of RFA in combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of bilobar metastasis colorectal cancer allows to improve the performance of disease-free survival and overall survival significantly, compared with the group of patients who received only chemotherapy.

Keywords

Colorectal cancer Liver bilobar metastases Radiofrequency ablation 

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Copyright information

© Indian Association of Surgical Oncology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oncology DepartmentSamara State Medical UniversitySamaraRussian Federation
  2. 2.Samara Regional Oncology CentreSamaraRussian Federation

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