Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 375–382 | Cite as

Effect of Planned Follow-up on Married Women’s Health Beliefs and Behaviors Concerning Breast and Cervical Cancer Screenings

  • Rahsan Kolutek
  • Ilknur Aydin Avci
  • Umit Sevig


The objective of this study was to identify the effect of planned follow-up visits on married women’s health beliefs and behaviors concerning breast and cervical cancer screenings. The study was conducted using the single-group pre-test/post-test and quasi-experimental study designs. The sample of the study included 153 women. Data were collected using a Personal Information Form, the Health Belief Model (HBM) Scale for Breast Cancer Screening, the HBM Scale for Cervical Cancer Screening, and a Pap smear test. Data were collected using the aforementioned tools from September 2012 to March 2013. Four follow-up visits were conducted, nurses were educated, and telephone reminders were utilized. Friedman’s test, McNemar’s test, and descriptive statistics were used for data analyzing. The frequency of performing breast self-examination (BSE) at the last visit increased to 84.3 % compared to the pre-training. A statistically significant difference was observed between the pre- and post-training median values in four subscales except for the subscale of perceived seriousness of cervical cancer under “the Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and the Pap Smear Test” (p < 0.001). The rate of performing BSE significantly increased after the training and follow-up visits. Also, the rate of having a Pap smear significantly increased after the follow-up visits.


Breast cancer screening Cervical cancer screening Health belief Follow-up 



This Project numbered TSD-12-4046 was supported by Erciyes University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The ethical approval for the study was provided by the Ethics Committee of Medical Faculty, Erciyes University (Decision Number 2011/385). The researchers explained the aim of study to the women.


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Copyright information

© American Association for Cancer Education 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rahsan Kolutek
    • 1
  • Ilknur Aydin Avci
    • 2
  • Umit Sevig
    • 3
  1. 1.Sema-Vefa Kucuk School of HealthNevsehir Haci Bektas Veli UniversityNevşehirTurkey
  2. 2.Samsun School of Health, Nursing DepartmentOndokuz Mayis UniversitySamsunTurkey
  3. 3.Erciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey

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