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Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 321–324 | Cite as

Are General Physicians Prepared for Struggling Skin Cancer?—Cross-Sectional Study

  • Ana Filipa Duarte
  • Altamiro da Costa-Pereira
  • Veronique Del-Marmol
  • Osvaldo Correia
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of general practitioners (GP) in selecting higher risk population for skin cancer screening. GP’s training was organized to examine a specific high risk population consisting mainly of fisherman and farmers in a city of North of Portugal. Health care professionals of local health units training was performed by two dermatologists 2 months before the screening. During 8 weeks GPs selected patients with skin cancer suspicious lesions and/or risk factors consecutively from their regular consultation. These selected patients were referred to a dermatologist evaluation. Six dermatologists using manual dermoscopy examined the previously selected patients. One hundred eight patients have been screened, 35 % of which were males and 65 % females, with a mean age of 54 years. Full skin evaluation by dermatologists revealed 31 % of actinic keratosis, 5 % of leucoplasia, 7 % of basal cell carcinoma, 8 % of squamous cell carcinoma, and 1 % of melanoma. Cohen’s kappa coefficient between dermatologist and GPs was 0.18. Selective screening with collaboration of GPs allowed the detection of more cases of skin cancer than the nonselective screenings in the literature. Although the diagnostic agreement between GPs and dermatologists was not good, our results indicate that active collaboration of dermatologists with primary health care units for selective skin cancer screening, including post graduated courses on their own health units, can be a way of optimizing early detection of cutaneous pre malignant and malignant lesions.

Keywords

Skin cancer Screening General physicians 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Portuguese Skin Cancer Association, namely its president Dr. António Picoto, GPs and nurses of the Póvoa—Vila do Conde health care unit, especially Dra. Vanda Monteiro, Dr. Ramon Gomez, Dra. Rosália Braga, the dermatologists who cooperate in the study (Dr. Ana Margarida Barros, Dr. Natividade Rocha, Dr. Ana Nogueira, and Dr. Aristoteles Rosmaninho), and Orquídea Ribeiro for the statistical analysis.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© American Association for Cancer Education 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Dermatologia EpidermisInstituto CUFPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS) and Department of Health Information and Decision Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Dermatology Department Hopital ErasmeUniversité Libre de BruxellesBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Euromelanoma Europe ChairBrusselsBelgium
  5. 5.Immunology Department, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  6. 6.Portuguese Skin Cancer AssociationPortoPortugal

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