Skip to main content
Log in

ACMT Position Statement: Interpretation of Urine Opiate and Opioid Tests

  • Position Statement
  • Published:
Journal of Medical Toxicology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

References

  1. Christo PJ, Manchikanti L, Ruan X, Bottros M, Hansen H, Solanki DR, Jordan AE, Colson J. Urine drug testing in chronic pain. Pain Physician. 2011;14(2):123–43.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Jarvis M, Williams J, Hurford M, Lindsay D, Lincoln P, Giles L, Luongo P, Safarian T. Appropriate use of drug testing in clinical addiction medicine. J Addict Med. 2017;11(3):163–73.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. White RN. Markers of specimen validity testing in urine, oral fluid, and hair. In: National Laboratory Certification Program (ed) Drug Testing Matters. 2021. pp 1–13.

  4. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Mandatory Guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing Programs. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2017/01/23/2017-00979/mandatory-guidelines-for-federal-workplace-drug-testing-programs. Accessed 30 Jul 2021.

  5. Kwong TC et al. Drug screening immunoassays. In: Kwong TC, Magnani B, Rosano TG, Shaw LM (eds). The clinical toxicology laboratory: contemporary practice of poisoning evaluation, 2nd edition, 2013.

  6. Guerrieri D, Kjellqvist F, Kronstrand R, Gréen H. Validation and cross-reactivity data for fentanyl analogs with the immunalysis fentanyl ELISA. J Anal Toxicol. 2019;43(1):18–24.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Ruangyuttikarn W, Law MY, Rollins DE, Moody DE. Detection of fentanyl and its analogs by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J Anal Toxicol. 1990;14(3):160–4.

  8. Powers D, Erickson S, Swortwood MJ. Quantification of morphine, codeine, and thebaine in home-brewed poppy seed tea by LC-MS/MS. J Forensic Sci. 2018;63(4):1229–35.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Colby JM, Patel PC, Fu DY, Rutherford NJ. Commonly used fluoroquinolones cross-react with urine drug screens for opiates, buprenorphine, and amphetamines. Clin Biochem. 2019;68:50–4.

  10. Straseski JA, Stolbach A, Clarke W. Opiate-positive immunoassay screen in a pediatric patient. Clin Chem. 2010;56(8):1220–3.

Download references

Funding

None.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Andrew Stolbach.

Ethics declarations

Conflicts of Interest

None.

Additional information

Supervising Editor: Mark B Mycyk, MD.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Stolbach, A., Connors, N., Nelson, L. et al. ACMT Position Statement: Interpretation of Urine Opiate and Opioid Tests. J. Med. Toxicol. 18, 176–179 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13181-021-00864-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13181-021-00864-1

Keywords

Navigation