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LGBTQIs in Turkey: the Challenges and Resilience of This Marginalized Group

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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer (LGBTIQ) individuals constitute a large group of minority groups in Turkey. Because of the scarcity of non-existent systematic reviews on the sexual orientation discrimination of LGBTIQ individuals in Turkey, the present study aims to outline the major discriminatory practices against these individuals and fills the gap through a systematic literature review based on rigorous criteria. The present paper examines 21 selected papers, explores key emerging themes and recent developments to identify research gaps, and provides areas for future research. Therefore, “discrimination in employment and at the workplace,” “discrimination in health,” “discrimination in public service,” and “discrimination by the government” were identified as the major themes of the current review. Through these themes, it was further revealed that the key pillars of LGBT discrimination in Turkey rest on the legal frameworks, social institutions, and norms. The best ways to eradicate LGBT discrimination in Turkey rest on modifying, changing, or creating LGBT inclusive/supportive policies within these pillars.

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Correspondence to Meltem Ince Yenilmez.

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Ince Yenilmez, M. LGBTQIs in Turkey: the Challenges and Resilience of This Marginalized Group. Sex Res Soc Policy 18, 440–449 (2021).

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