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Strategies for Coping with LGBT Discrimination at Work: a Systematic Literature Review

Abstract

Introduction

Members of the LGBT community suffer discrimination in various areas, and the workplace is no exception. This is why it is important to understand the strategies they adopt to cope so that policy-makers, organizations, companies, and the LGBT community can be informed of the resources that can potentially mitigate or eradicate discrimination in the workplace.

Methods

In this article, we use a systematic review of the literature up to and including 2018 in the databases Scopus and Web of Science.

Results

We analyzed 52 articles and extracted one model with four different strategies for coping with discrimination in the workplace: internal, external, reactive, and proactive. We also identified strategies used by organizations and companies, and make recommendations that can inform future policies in this area.

Conclusion

The model places the members of the LGBT community at the heart of the process of overcoming discrimination. Policy implications. We found that these strategies are not equally available in all contexts. Therefore, there is a need not only for LGBT individual agency, but also for companies, society, and the political system to get involved and expand freedoms and labour rights for the LGBT community.

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Notes

  1. See Target 8.8: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/economic-growth/

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Correspondence to Liviu-Catalin Mara.

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Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This study did not involve human subjects as participants, so no ethical approval was needed.

Informed Consent

This study did not involve human subjects as participants, so no informed consent was needed.

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Appendix

Appendix

Table 3 Articles included in the study

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Mara, LC., Ginieis, M. & Brunet-Icart, I. Strategies for Coping with LGBT Discrimination at Work: a Systematic Literature Review. Sex Res Soc Policy 18, 339–354 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-020-00462-w

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-020-00462-w

Keywords

  • LGBT
  • Coping
  • Discrimination
  • Inclusion
  • Workplace