Perceptions of University Policies to Prevent Sexual Assault on Campus Among College Students in the USA
- 3.6k Downloads
The purpose of this study is to assess correlations between attitude, opinions, and perceptions of sexual assault on campus and perceptions of university policies related to sexual assault among college students. Students (N = 507) at a large public university in the intermountain west region of the USA completed a survey in February and March 2015. Multivariable multiple regression was conducted to test the association between perceptions of students regarding university polices on sexual assault and individual factors. The factors that were predictive for student perceptions of sexual assault policy importance included student gender, affiliation with a campus organization, previous report of sexual assault to university officials, and adherence to particular anti-rape attitudes. Attitudes and perceptions of sexual assault may be very important for successful implementation of university policies related to sexual assault.
KeywordsSexual assault University policy Safety Violence prevention
We gratefully acknowledge the students who participated in this study and the contribution of Kyl Myers, Dr. Quinn, Anita Pascoe, Dr. Ainsworth, Dr. Goodman, Professor Rigby, Dr. Page, Dr. Bench, Dr. Metlon, Dr. Salari, Dr. Tabler, Dr. Chambless, Dr. Gaytan, Dr. Reynolds, Dr. Mayer, Christa Speilman, Amanda Bertana, Dr. Paret, and Dr. Martinez for the data collection.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
“All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.”
This project was supported by the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, University of Utah.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
“Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.”
- Evans, R. C. (2007). Central Limit Theorem. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Gidycz, C.A., Orchowski, L.M., King, C.R., Rich, C.L. (2008). Sexual Victimization and Health-Risk Behaviors: A Prospective Analysis of College Women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23.6, 744--763.Google Scholar
- Kirkpatrick, D.G., Resnick, H.S., Ruggiero, K.J., Conoscenti, M.A., McCauley, M.S. (2007). Drug-facilitated, incapacitated, and forcible rape: a national study. U.S. Department of Justice Award Number: 2005-WG-BX-0006. Charleston, SC: National Crime Victims Research & Treatment Center.Google Scholar
- Krebs, C., Lindquist, C., Warner, T., Fisher, B., & Martin, S. (2009). College women’s experiences with physically forced, alchohol- or other drug-enabled, and drug-facilitated sexual assault before and since entering college. Journal of American College Health, 57, 639–649.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Lanier, C. A., & Elliott, M. N. (1997). A new instrument for the evaluation of a date rape prevention program. Journal of College Student Development, 38, 673–676.Google Scholar
- McMahon, S., & Farmer, L. G. (2011). An updated measure for assessing subtle rape myths. Social Work Research, 35, 71–81.Google Scholar
- Payne, D. L., Lonsway, K. A., & Fitzgerald, L. F. (1999). Rape myth acceptance: exploration of its structure and its measurement using the Illinois rape myth acceptance scale. Journal of Research in Personality, 33, 27–68.Google Scholar
- Rau, T. J., Merrill, L. L., McWorter, S. K., Stander, V. A., Thomsen, C. J., Dyslin, C. W., Crouch, J. L., Rabenhorst, M. M., & Milner, J. S. (2010). Evaluation of a sexual assault education/prevention program for male U.S. navy personnel. Military Medicine, 175(6), 429–434.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Sedgwick, J. L. (2006). Criminal victimization in the United States, 2005 statistical tables: national crime victimization survey. Washington: U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
- Streng, T. K., & Kamimura, A. (2015). Sexual assault prevention and reporting on college campuses in the US: a review of policies and recommendations. Journal of Education and Practice, 6, 3.Google Scholar
- University of Alabama. (2014). Policies and Procedures for Students. [Online] Available at: http://www.studenthandbook.ua.edu/policyforstudents.html. Accessed 24 Sept 2014.
- University of California. (2014). University of California Policy, Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence. Available at: http://policy.ucop.edu/doc/4000385/SHSV. Accessed 19 Dec 2014.
- University of Michigan. (2014). University of Michigan Policy on Sexual Misconduct by Students. Available at: http://studentsexualmisconductpolicy.umich.edu/content/university-michigan-policy-sexual-misconduct. Accessed 19 Dec 2014.
- University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. (2014). Policy on Prohibited Discrimination, Harassment and Related Misconduct. [Online] Available at: http://sexualassaultanddiscriminationpolicy.unc.edu/. Accessed 19 Dec 2014.
- University of Oregon. (2014). UO Policy Prohibiting Sexual Harassment, Including Sexual Assault, Intimate Partner/Relationship Violence, and Gender-Based Stalking and Bullying. [Online] Available at: http://aaeo.uoregon.edu/policy-prohibiting-sexual harassment-including-sexual-assault-intimate-partnerrelationship-violence. Accessed 29 Oct 2014.
- University of Utah. (2014). Interim University Policy 1-012: Sexual Misconduct: Sexual Assault Dating Violence, Domestic Violence, and Stalking, Prevention and Response. Rev 1. Available at: http://regulations.utah.edu/general/1-012.php. Accessed 6 Oct 2014.
- Weizel, L. M. (2012). The process that is due: preponderance of the evidence as the standard of proof for university adjudications of student-on-student sexual assault complaints. Boston College Law Review, 53, 1613–1655.Google Scholar
- White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. (2014). Not Alone. Washington: District of Columbia.Google Scholar