Intimate Partner Violence in Self-identified Lesbians: a Meta-analysis of its Prevalence
- 910 Downloads
The present study is the first meta-analytic study about the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in self-identified lesbians in same-sex couples. It summarizes the scientific evidence from studies published from 1990 to 2013. First, 1,184 studies were identified, then 59 studies were pre-selected, and finally 14 studies were chosen that met the criteria for inclusion and methodological quality. The studies were conducted in the USA, using non-probabilistic sampling methods, and they were characterized by their high level of heterogeneity. The mean prevalence of victimization in IPV over the lifespan is 48 % (95 % CI, 44–52 %) and 15 % (95 % CI, 5–30 %) in the current/most recent relationship, with the difference being statistically significant between over the lifespan and current/most recent relationship IPV. The mean prevalence of victimization in physical violence over the lifespan is 18 % (95 % CI, 0–48 %), in sexual violence 14 % (95 % CI, 0–37 %), and in psychological/emotional violence 43 % (95 % CI, 14–73 %). The high prevalence suggests the need to implement IPV prevention programs among lesbians, as well as homophobia prevention programs. Moreover, the methodological quality of prevalence studies should be improved. The limited number of studies considered in each thematic block and the high heterogeneity of their results should be taken into account.
KeywordsLesbian Intimate partner violence Domestic violence Meta-analysis
An asterisk has been placed next to those references that are included in the systematic review.
- *Balsam, K. F., Rothblum, E. D., & Beauchaine, T. P. (2005). Victimization over the life, span: a comparison of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual siblings. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 477–487.Google Scholar
- *Balsam, K. F., & Szymanski, D. M. (2005). Relationship quality and domestic violence in women′s same-sex relationships: The role of minority stress Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29, 258–269. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6402.2005.00220.x.
- Burke, T. W., & Owen, S. S. (2006). Same-sex domestic violence: is anyone listening? The Gay & Lesbian Review, 8(1), 6–7.Google Scholar
- Cantera, L. (2004). Cuestiones en busca de paradigma. En L. Cantera. Más allá del género. Nuevos enfoques de nuevas dimensiones de la violencia en la pareja. [Questions in search of a paradigm. In L. Cantera. Beyond gender. New approaches on new dimensions of intimate partner violence.] Tesis Doctoral. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1999). Intimate partner violence surveillance: uniform definitions and recommended data elements, version 1.0. Atlanta (GA): National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-res/ipv_surveillance/Intimate%20Partner%20Violence.pdf.
- *Eaton, L., Kaufman, M., Fuhrel, A., Cain, D., Cherry, C., Pope, H., & Kalichman, S. C. (2008). Examining factors co-existing with interpersonal violence in lesbian relationships. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 697–705. doi 10.1007/s10896-008-9194-3.
- Frankland, A., & Brown, J. (2014). Coercive control in same-sex intimate partner violence. Journal of Family Violence, 29, 15–22. doi:10.1007/s10896-013-9558-1.
- García-Moreno C., Jansen H.A.F.M., Ellsberg M., Heise L., & Watts C. (2005) Multi-country study from the WHO on women′s health and domestic violence against women: initial results on prevalence, health-related events and women′s responses to this violence. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/en/.
- Gumienny, L. A. (2010). Predictors of intimate partner violence in women′s sexual minority relationship. Proquest Dissertations and Theses: PsycInfo.Google Scholar
- Hart, B. J., & Klein, A. R. (2013). Practical implications of current intimate partner violence research for victim advocates and service providers. NCJRS Library collection: US Department of Justice: available online at https://ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=266429.
- Hedges, L. V. (1994). Fixed effects models. In H. Cooper & L. V. Hedges (Eds.), The handbook of research synthesis (pp. 285–299). New York: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. Orlando: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Island, D., & Letellier, P. (1991). Men who beat the men who love them: battered gay men and domestic violence. Binghamton: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
- *Lie, G., & Gentlewarrier, S. (1991) Intimate violence in lesbian relationships: discussion of survey findings and practice implications. Journal of Social Services Research, 15, 41–59. doi:10.1300/J079v15n01_03.
- *Lie, G., Schilit, R., Bush, J., Montagne, M., & Reyes, L. (1991) Lesbians in currently aggressive relationships: How frequently do they report aggressive past relationships? Violence and Victims, 6, 121–135.Google Scholar
- Lipsey, M. W., & Wilson, D. B. (2001). Practical meta-analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Lobel, K. (Ed.). (1986). Naming the violence: speaking out about lesbian battering. Seattle: Seal Press.Google Scholar
- Matte, M., & Lafontaine, M. (2011). Validation of a measure of psychological aggression in same-sex couples: descriptive data on perpetration and victimization and their association with physical violence. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 7, 226–244. doi:10.1080/1550428X.2011.56494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- *Miller, D. H., Greene, K., Causby, V., White, B. W., & Lockhart, L. L. (2001) Domestic violence in lesbian relationships. Women & Therapy, 3, 107–127. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2007.05.003.
- National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (2013). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and HIV-affected intimate partner violence 2012. New York, NY: New York City Anti-Violence Project, 2011, available online at http://www.avp.org/documents/IPVReportfull-web_000.pdf.
- Pharr, S. (1988). Homophobia: A weapon of sexism. Little Rock: Chardon Press.Google Scholar
- Reyes-Mena, F., Rodríguez, J. R., & Malavé, S. (2005). Manifestaciones de la Violencia Doméstica en una Muestra de Hombres Homosexuales y Mujeres Lesbianas Puertorriqueñas. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 39, 449–456.Google Scholar
- Ristock, J. L. (1991). Beyond ideologies: understanding violence in lesbian relationships. Canadian Woman Studies, 12, 74–79.Google Scholar
- *Rose, S. M. (2003) Community interventions concerning homophobic violence and partner violence against lesbians. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 7, 125–139. doi: 10.1300/J155v07n04_08.
- *Scherzer, T. (1998) Domestic violence in lesbian relationships: findings of the lesbian relationships research project. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 2, 29–47. doi: 10.1300/J155v02n01_03.
- *Schilit, R., Lie, G., & Montagne, M. (1990) Substance use as a correlate of violence in intimate lesbian relationships. Journal of Homosexuality, 19, 51–65, doi: 10.1300/J082v19n03_03.
- *Schilit, R., Lie, G., Bush., J., Montagne, M., & Reyes, L. (1991). Intergenerational transmission of violence in lesbian relationships. Affilia, 6, 172–182. doi: 10.1177/088610999100600105.
- *Telesco, G. A. (2003). Sex role identity and jealously as correlates of abusive behavior in lesbian relationships. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 8, 153–169. doi: 10.1300/J137v08n02_10.
- *Turell, S. C. (2000). A descriptive analysis of same-sex relationship violence for a diverse sample. Journal of Family Violence, 15, 281–293.Google Scholar
- *Waldner-Haugrud, L. K., Vaden, L., & Magruder, B. (1997). Victimization and perpetration rates of violence in gay and lesbian relationships: gender issues explored. Violence and Victims, 12, 173–184.Google Scholar
- *Waldner-Haugrud, L. K., & Vaden, L. (1997). Sexual coercion in gay/lesbian relationships: descriptives and gender differences. Violence and Victims, 12, 87–98.Google Scholar
- Walters, M. L., Chen, J., & Breiding, M. J. (2013). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 findings on victimization by sexual orientation. Atlanta: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/nisvs_sofindings.pdf
- World Health Organization (2010). Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women: taking action and generating evidence. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241564007_eng.pdf.
- World Health Organization (2012). Understanding and addressing violence against women. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/77432/1/WHO_RHR_12.36_eng.pdf.