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EPMA Journal

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 379–385 | Cite as

Characteristics of dental patients determining their compliance level in dentistry: relevance for predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine

  • Vadim V. Tachalov
  • Lyudmila Y. Orekhova
  • Elena R. Isaeva
  • Tatyana V. Kudryavtseva
  • Ekaterina S. Loboda
  • Evgenya V. Sitkina
Research
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

This article centers on the relationship between psychological specifics of dental patients and their adherence to treatment. It describes clinical and personality specifics of periodontal patients and presents personality characteristics of patients with positive and negative dynamics of the therapy, as well as patients without periodontal diseases. The study findings highlight the importance of building confidential relationships with the patient and the need for a client-oriented approach to developing treatment plans and strategies for different types of dental patients. In the future, based on the study results, we find it necessary to elaborate more specific criteria for assessing personality characteristics of patients which determine their ability to comply with the doctor’s recommendations. The dentist should not expect the success of their work without applying individual psychological approach to each particular patient. This knowledge means to help in further prognosis of the prescribed treatment and also can make the treatment more personalized and prevent non-compliance complications.

Keywords

Compliance Treatment adherence Psychological specifics of patients Relevance of treatment Predictive preventive personalized medicine 

Abbreviations

SMU

First Saint Petersburg State Medical University

PMA

papillary marginal alveolar index

LSC

level of subjective control test

OHI-S

index of Greene–Vermilion

WHO

World Health Organization

CPITN

community periodontal index of treatment needs

PQBI

Personal Questionnaire of the Bekhterev Institute

ITQ

Individual Typological Questionnaire by L.N. Sobchick

ICT

information and communication technologies

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Denis Kudriavtsev for translating the manuscript. We thank Ksenia Iskrenko and Vladimir Volokhonsky for their invaluable contribution in the data collection and analysis. We also thank the City Periodontology Center “PAKS” for funding this research and work on the manuscript preparation and as a source of funding for all authors.

Authors’ contributions

VT made a substantial contribution to the development of the concept and design, collection of data, and analysis and interpretation of data; participated in the drafting and revision of the manuscript; provided the final approval of its version to be published; and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work to ensure that issues related to the accuracy or integrity of any of its parts are appropriately addressed.

LO participated in revising the content of the manuscript critically, provided the final approval of its version to be published, conceived the study, participated in study design and coordination, and helped with drafting the manuscript.

TK participated in drafting the manuscript, collection of data, and study design and coordination and helped with drafting the manuscript.

EI provided data analysis and interpretation, revised the content of the manuscript critically, participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis, and helped with drafting the manuscript.

EL was responsible for data collection, participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis, and helped with drafting the manuscript.

ES contributed to the concept and design, analysis, and interpretation of data; participated in developing the manuscript and making corrections or critical criticism for important intellectual content; and helped to draft the manuscript.

All the authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

All procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Our study was approved by the Ethical Committee of the First Pavlov State Medical University of Saint Petersburg #01-2017. All the patients were informed about the purposes of the study and have signed their “consent of the patient.”

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Consent declaration

All individuals were informed about the purposes of the study and have signed their consent for publishing the data. Patients were informed about the purposes of the study and have signed their consent for publishing the data.

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Copyright information

© European Association for Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine (EPMA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Therapeutic Dentistry and Periodontology DepartmentPavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.City Periodontology Center “PAKS”St. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, Department of General and Clinical PsychologySt. PetersburgRussia
  5. 5.Department of General and Clinical PsychologyPavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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