Organic Agriculture

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 207–223 | Cite as

A simple, efficient, and farmer-friendly Trichoderma-based biofertilizer evaluated with the SRI Rice Management System

  • Febri DoniEmail author
  • Che Radziah Che Mohd ZainEmail author
  • Anizan Isahak
  • F. Fathurrahman
  • Azwir Anhar
  • Wan Nur’ashiqin Wan Mohamad
  • Wan Mohtar Wan Yusoff
  • Norman Uphoff


Trichoderma spp. are highly interactive fungi that live in soil, root, and foliar environments. In addition to assisting plants to resist various diseases and drought stress, Trichoderma has been reported to have positive effects on the growth of many crops. While Trichoderma inoculants have been developed for use with numerous crops, explorations of the use of Trichoderma inoculants in rice farming systems are still in a nascent stage. In this study, a field experiment using a randomized complete block design was conducted to determine the ability of Trichoderma-based biofertilizer (TBF) to enhance the growth, physiological traits, and yield of rice under System of Rice Intensification (SRI) management. The results showed significant potential for TBF to increase a rice crop’s growth, physiological traits, and productivity. Trichoderma-inoculated rice plants exhibited significantly greater plant height, photosynthetic rate, chlorophyll a and b content, stomatal conductance, and tiller and panicle numbers. The grain yield of Trichoderma-inoculated rice plants was 30% more than that from the uninoculated SRI control plots, which simply due to changes in management practices produced paddy yields that were twice the current average in Malaysia. A simple, efficient, and farmer-friendly method for producing TBF, developed for SRI farmers’ use to get these results, is reported here.


Biofertilizer Symbiotic fungus System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Sustainable rice production Trichoderma 



This research was funded by the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia under grant DIP-2015-016. The authors express appreciation to Zakaria Kamantasha for assisting us during the field trial. They also thank Dr. Abha Mishra, Dr. Radha Prasanna and Dr. Mark Laing for helpful comments and criticisms on an earlier draft.

Supplementary material

13165_2017_185_MOESM1_ESM.docx (152 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 152 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversitas Islam RiauPekanbaruIndonesia
  4. 4.Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural SciencesUniversitas Negeri PadangPadangIndonesia
  5. 5.Pusat Citra Universiti, Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  6. 6.SRI International Network and Resources CenterCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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