, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 65–80 | Cite as

Change Detection of Land Surface Temperature (LST) and some Related Parameters Using Landsat Image: a Case Study of the Ebinur Lake Watershed, Xinjiang, China

  • Fei Zhang
  • Hsiangte Kung
  • Verner Carl Johnson
  • Bethany Iris LaGrone
  • Juan Wang
Original Research


This study assesses and detects land use/cover (LUC) and land surface temperature (LST) change using multi-temporal Landsat TM satellite data. NDVI, albedo and MNDWI were used to analyze the LST qualitatively. The results revealed that the accuracy of LST measurements in watershed is within 1.5 °C. Then, temperature changes between 1998 and 2011 were analyzed. The classifications of land surface temperatures lie in five categories as follows: lower (1.9–8.9 °C), low (8.9–15.9 °C), middle (15.9–22.9 °C), high (22.9–29.9 °C), higher (29.9–36.9 °C), and highest (36.9–43.9 °C). Second, east-west profiles of the characteristics of the distribution of LUC types were made based on 1998 and 2011 images. By comparing LSTs in these two years, one can conclude woodland-grassland has a very strong influence on temperature. Third, LST increased with the increases in the density of salinized and desert lands, but decreased with the increase in vegetation cover. The relationship between MNDWI and LST was significantly negatively correlated. Multiple regression analyses between LST and each index as well as elevation were created to evaluate the watershed thermal environment. This regression showed that NDVI, albedo, MNDWI and a digital elevation model were effective indicators for quantifying the effects of land use/cover change (LUCC) on LST, and the correlation coefficient R was 0.806. Finally, natural and human factors were important factors affecting temperature change. Generally, the temperature of the oasis was lower than the surroundings, which results in a ‘cold island effect’.


Ebinur Lake watershed Land surface temperature Mono-window algorithm Remote sensing TM image 



Thanks the National Meteorological Information Center data provided meteorological data. And we are grateful for the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41361045). The authors wish to thank the referees and the professor Tashpolat Tiyip for providing helpful suggestions to improve this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fei Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hsiangte Kung
    • 4
  • Verner Carl Johnson
    • 5
  • Bethany Iris LaGrone
    • 4
  • Juan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Resources and Environment DepartmentXinjiang UniversityUrumqiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology, Ministry of EducationXinjiang UniversityUrumqiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Wisdom City and Environment ModelingUrumqiPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesThe University of MemphisMemphisUSA
  5. 5.Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Colorado Mesa UniversityGrand JunctionUSA

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