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Wetlands

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 667–680 | Cite as

Environmental Harshness Decreases ant β-Diversity Between Salt Marsh and Neighboring Upland Environments

  • Alejandro D. CanepucciaEmail author
  • Fernando Hidalgo
  • Juan L. Farina
  • Fabiana Cuezzo
  • Oscar O. Iribarne
Original Research

Abstract

Understanding how wetland organisms interact with neighbor habitats along environmental gradients is important to recognize wetland integrity and its connectivity at landscape-level. We evaluated whether assemblage characteristics (e.g. α-diversity) of marsh-ants are associated with geographic changes in environmental conditions, and if these factors are associated with marsh-upland dissimilarity in ant species composition (β-diversity). Ant-samples were collected both in the marsh and in the neighboring upland habitat at 5-sites along the South-west Atlantic (SWA) coastline (36°S to 40°S), encompassing two-distinct biogeographic regions. Generalized Linear Models showed that at the marsh scale, ant occurrence increased with maximum temperature and Spartina densiflora cover, but decreased with total-plant cover. Ant richness increased with salinity, S. densiflora cover and marsh area; and ant α-diversity increased with S. densiflora cover and decreased with total marsh plant cover and plant height. Composition of ant assemblages differed between the marsh and the upland habitat depending on the site, and β-diversity decreased with precipitation, salinity, tidal amplitude and α-diversity of the herbaceous stratum. Then, the abundance and α-diversity of ants varied along SWA marshes in relation to changes in local environmental factors and the regional landscape. Moreover, changes in species characteristics across coastal-landscape seem to interact with environmental gradients, resulting in reduced β-diversity values with increasing environmental harshness. Thus, our results suggest that the link of geographic changes in the physical environment with the changes in species traits drives the variation in marsh-upland dissimilarity across the space.

Keywords

Ant assemblages α-diversity β-diversity Latitudinal gradients Spartina Salt marshes South-west Atlantic coast 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful to Sol Fanjul and Seth Miller, for their valuable suggestions and corrections on an early version of the manuscript; and to Juan Alberti and Laura Biondi for statistical advice. This work was supported by grants from the Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMDP), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), International Barcode of Life (IBoL) and the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCYT; all to O.O.I).

Supplementary material

13157_2016_777_MOESM1_ESM.doc (144 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 143 kb)

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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro D. Canepuccia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernando Hidalgo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juan L. Farina
    • 3
  • Fabiana Cuezzo
    • 4
    • 5
  • Oscar O. Iribarne
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de EcologíaInstituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Mar Del Plata (UNMDP)Mar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Grupo Humedales y Ambientes CosterosInstituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Mar Del Plata (UNMDP)Mar del PlataArgentina
  3. 3.Museo de Ciencias Naturales Lorenzo Scaglia, Área EntomologíaMar del PlataArgentina
  4. 4.Instituto Superior de Entomología “Dr. A Willink”, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e IMLUniversidad Nacional de Tucumán (UNT)San Miguel de TucumánArgentina
  5. 5.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (UEL - CONICET)San Miguel de TucumánArgentina

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