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Economic resilience. The Case Study of Pomorskie Region

Ökonomische Resilienz. Fallstudie Pommern

  • Bericht aus Forschung und Praxis
  • Published:
Raumforschung und Raumordnung

Abstract

This article aims to identify the resilience of the Pomorskie Region in Poland. The analysed region belongs to a group of European regions where the negative impact of the economic crisis has not been distinctively visible. In a unitary state like Poland the resilience of the region to the crisis results to a high degree from the external macroeconomic factors of the country. However some regional features play an important role in strengthening resilience. We analysed socio-economic structures in the context of their significance for the region’s resilience. Walker’s and Salt’s (Resilience Thinking. Sustaining ecosystems and people in a changing world, 2006) resilience attributes were used as a template for the findings. Although it is difficult to determine the level of a region’s resilience in a situation of ongoing and growing recession, some conclusions may be derived from the analysis. One of the most important factors of the Pomorskie Region’s resilience is the diversity of economic and social structures. The community and its social capital is undoubtedly one of the strongest attributes of the regional resilience. The Pomorskie Region’s richness in ecosystem services also strengthens its resilience significantly. Overlaps in governance are mainly connected with the development of institutional embeddedness. However the current lack of governance on the level of the most dynamically developing metropolitan areas is an impediment to more dynamic development. The post-totalitarian tradition of centralised governance continues to negatively influence the tight feedbacks attribute of resilience.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Artikel widmet sich der Ermittlung der Resilienz der Region Pommern in Polen. Die betrachtete Region gehört einer Gruppe europäischer Regionen an, bei denen die negativen Auswirkungen der Wirtschaftskrise nicht klar sichtbar geworden sind. In einem Einheitsstaat wie Polen hängt die Resilienz der Region im hohen Maße von den makroökonomischen Faktoren des Landes ab. Dennoch spielen einige regionale Eigenschaften eine wichtige Rolle bei der Stärkung der Resilienz. Wir analysieren die sozioökonomischen Strukturen im Hinblick auf ihre Bedeutung für die Resilienz der Region. Die von Walker und Salt (2006) entwickelten Resilienz-Attribute dienten als Vorlage für die Ergebnisse. Bei einer anhaltenden und wachsenden Rezession ist es schwierig, den Stand der Resilienz einer Region festzustellen, dennoch lassen sich einige Schlussfolgerungen aus der Analyse herleiten. Einer der wichtigsten Faktoren der Resilienz der Region Pommern ist die Diversität der ökonomischen und sozialen Strukturen. Die Gemeinschaft und ihr Sozialkapital ist zweifellos eine der bedeutendsten Attribute der regionalen Resilienz. Die Vielfalt der Ökosystemdienstleistungen in Pommern verstärkt signifikant die Resilienz der Region. Überschneidungen von Zuständigkeiten ergeben sich hauptsächlich im Zusammenhang mit der Entwicklung institutioneller Einbettung. Dennoch stellt der aktuelle Mangel an Governance auf der Ebene der sich dynamisch entwickelnden Metropolregionen ein Hemmnis für eine weitere dynamische Entwicklung dar. Die post-totalitäre Tradition der zentralen Governance übt weiterhin einen negativen Einfluss auf das Resilienz-Attribut der engen Rückkopplung aus.

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Notes

  1. Based on interviews with representatives of Regionalna Izba Gospodarcza Pomorza (Pomeranian Regional Chamber of Commerce), Agencja Rozwoju Pomorza (Development Agency of the Pomorskie Region) and Ministerstwo Gospodarki (Ministry of the Economy). The interviews were conducted in November and December 2012 within the framework of the project “Economic Crisis: Resilience of Regions” (ESPON 2013 Programme).

  2. The Vienna Initiative is an informal forum of public and private financial institutions from Western and Central Europe, which aims to provide capital support and financial liquidity by Western banking groups for their affiliated companies in the countries of Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe.

  3. Dispersed data provided by heads of secondary schools.

  4. http://www.lotos.pl (15.10.2013).

  5. Based on interviews with business owners and representatives of Regionalna Izba Gospodarcza Pomorza (Pomeranian Regional Chamber of Commerce). Interviews were conducted in March and April 2013 within the framework of the project “Economic Crisis: Resilience of Regions” (ESPON 2013 Programme).

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Acknowledgements

The research presented in this paper is financed by the ESPON 2013 Programme within the project entitled “Economic Crisis: Resilience of Regions” (ECR2).

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Correspondence to Iwona Sagan.

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Sagan, I., Masik, G. Economic resilience. The Case Study of Pomorskie Region. Raumforsch Raumordn 72, 153–164 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13147-013-0266-3

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