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Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 27–43 | Cite as

Mineralogical composition of the Lower and Upper Kazanian (Mid-Permian) rocks and facies distribution at the Petchischi region (Eastern Russian Platform)

  • Svetlana O. Zorina
Original Article
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Abstract

The mineral composition proportions of carbonate rocks of Kazanian (Mid-Permian) age in the Petchischi region (eastern part of the Russian Platform) was identified by X-ray powder diffraction, ICP-MS and optical microscopy. The Lower Kazanian deposits are presented predominantly by bio-dolomicrites with changing terrigenous component and the lack of gypsum-bearing layers in the succession. Dolomicrites are prevalent in the Upper Kazanian succession, which is composed of alternation of gypsum-bearing dolomites, clayey dolomites and pure dolomites. The discovered bentonite-bearing component in marls and bentonite clays are proposed as evidence of volcanic activity in the Urals in the Kazanian stage. Two marine facies on the Eastern Russian Platform in the Kazanian: peritidal shallow flat and coastal sabkha agree well with the trends of δ18O and δ13C ratios.

Keywords

Kazanian Middle Permian Russian Platform Dolomite Sabkha Depositional model 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author gratefully thanks young scientists from TSNIIGEOLNERUD (Kazan, Russia) E. Ruselik, R. Kirillova, and O. Ilycheva for their assistance with sampling in the field and with further handling of the geological and analytical data. I express my sincere gratitude to Dr. Florian Maurer for language corrections and useful remarks. The work is performed according to the Russian Government Program of Competitive Growth of Kazan Federal University. The author thanks the reviewers for their critical comments and essential suggestions to improve the manuscript.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kazan Federal UniversityKazanRussian Federation

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