Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 622–627 | Cite as

Recall of indoor tanning salon warnings and safety guidelines among a national sample of tanners

  • Ashley K. DayEmail author
  • Elliot J. Coups
  • Sharon L. Manne
  • Jerod L. Stapleton
Original Research


Indoor tanning (IT) is a known carcinogen, and regulation has increased across the USA. However, there is minimal point-of-sale regulation for adult users. The purpose of the present study is to explore whether IT users recall being provided with warnings or safety guidelines at tanning salons. A national sample of 273 young adult, female IT users (mean age = 22.26, SD = 2.38) was surveyed regarding the frequency that they recalled being provided with six different warnings and safety guidelines when at tanning salons. Between 65 and 90.1 % of participants reported recalling the various warnings and guidelines. Having very fair skin was reported by 16.8 % of participants, and these high-risk individuals were less likely to recall having read and signed a consent form than other IT users (p = .002). The current level of regulation is insufficient to provide IT users with consistent warnings and safety guidelines at tanning salons.


Indoor tanning Skin cancer Tanning Tanning industry Policy 



This research was supported in part by grants from the National Cancer Institute to Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey (P30 CA072720) and from the National Cancer Institute to Jerod Stapleton (R03 CA165801 and K07 CA175115).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors has any conflicts of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Society of Behavioral Medicine 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.School of PsychologyUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Department of MedicineRutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolNew BrunswickUSA
  4. 4.Department of Health Education and Behavioral ScienceRutgers School of Public HealthPiscatawayUSA

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