Comparative View of the EU Regions by Their Potential of University-Industry Cooperation
- 29 Downloads
This article evaluates and compares the potential of different European Union regions to support university-industry cooperation as an important precondition for the implementation of the smart specialisation strategy. By using exploratory factor analysis, we found three independent dimensions describing the potential of regions to support university-industry cooperation. Research revealed a strong East-West divide between EU regions in all three dimensions. The findings indicate that many regions in Central Eastern European countries but also some regions in Southern Europe do not seem to have enough supportive strength to be able to benefit from the smart specialisation policy of EU. In order to benefit from the smart specialisation strategy, more attention should be given to the region-specific approach. In the universities from the lagging regions, knowledge translation capabilities must be developed. Core region universities need to be more motivated to cooperate with universities from the lagging regions. Regional level governance motivation and their capabilities toward the support of university and industry interactions should be developed and supported. The creation of linkages between core and weaker regions should be encouraged over the capacity building inside the weaker regions.
KeywordsUniversity-industry cooperation National innovation system Competitiveness Technological change External sources of knowledge Regional innovation scoreboard
- Barca, F. (2009). An agenda for a reformed cohesion policy: A place-based approach to meeting European Union challenges and expectations. Independent report prepared at the request of Danuta Hübner, commissioner for regional policy, April 2009. Brussels: EU Commission.Google Scholar
- Bencheva, N., Ruseva, Y., Manev, M., & Dimitrov, O. (2011). University-industry cooperation in the context of ruse university, Bulgaria. EAEEIE conference.Google Scholar
- Bonaccorsi, A. (2009). Towards better use of conditionality in policies for research and innovation under structural funds: The intelligent policy challenge. Report Working-Paper.Google Scholar
- Camagni, R. (1995). Global network and local milieu: Towards a theory of economic space. In S. Conti, E. Malecki, & P. Oinas (Eds.), The industrial enterprise and its environment: Spatial perspectives. Aldershot: Avebury.Google Scholar
- Carayannis, E. G., Varblane, U., & Roolaht, T. (Eds.). (2011). Innovation Systems in Small Catching-Up Economies: New Perspectives on Practice and Policy (Vol. 15). Springer Science & Business Media.Google Scholar
- Debackere, K., Andersen, B., Dvorak, I., Enkel, E., Krüger, P., Malmqvist, H., et al. (2014). Boosting open innovation and knowledge transfer in the European Union, independent expert group report on open innovation and knowledge transfer. In European Commission, directorate general research. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union https://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/pdf/b1_studies-b5_web-publication_mainreport-kt_oi.pdf. Accessed 21 October 2017.Google Scholar
- Eurostat. (2017). NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics), by regional level, version 2013.http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nomenclatures/index.cfm?TargetUrl=LST_CLS_DLD&StrNom=NUTS_2013L&StrLanguageCode=EN&StrLayoutCode=HIERARCHIC. Accessed 21 October 2017.
- Foray, D., David, P. A., & Hall, B. (2009). Smart specialisation: The concept, in knowledge for growth: Prospects for science, technology and innovation. Selected papers from Research Commissioner Janez Potočnik’s Expert Group. http://ec.europa.eu/invest-in-research/pdf/download_en/kfg_policy_briefs_no_5_9.pdf. Accessed 10 October 2017.
- Foray, D., van Ark, B. (2008). Overview on knowledge for growth: European issues and policy challenges in EC. Knowledge for Growth. European Issues and Policy Challenges. European Commission, Directorate-General for Research..Google Scholar
- Hechter, M. (2017). Internal colonialism: The Celtic fringe in British national development. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hedin, S. (2009). Higher education institutions as drivers of regional development in the Nordic countries. Nordregio, http://www.nordregio.se/Global/Publications/Publications%202009/WP2009_3.pdf. Accessed 21 October 2017.
- Kempton, L., & Edwards, J. (2014). Universities and Smart Specialisation. http://eprint.ncl.ac.uk/file_store/production/207075/07816E14-DD1F-4ACC-80AA-43675426EA92.pdf. Accessed 21 February 2017.
- McCann, P., & Ortega-Argilés, R. (2011). Smart specialisation, regional growth and applications to EU cohesion policy. Documents de treball IEB, 14, 1–32.Google Scholar
- Myrdal, G. (1957). Economic theory and under-developed regions. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
- O’Mahony, M., & van Ark, B. (Eds.). (2003). EU productivity and competitiveness: An industry perspective. Can Europe resume the catching-up process? Luxemburg: European Commission.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2007). Globalisation and regional patterns of innovation in EU-25 regions: A typology and policy recommendations economies. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- Pavlova, I., & Burenina, M. (2016). University-industry cooperation in the context of the regional innovation system in Russia: A case of the Tomsk region. Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economics, 1–19.Google Scholar
- Radošević, S., Curaj, A., Andreescu, L., Gheorgiou, R., & Wade, I. (Eds.). (2017). Advances in the theory and practice of smart specialization. London: Elsevier Science & Technology Books.Google Scholar
- Soete, L. (2011). Regions and innovation policies: The way forward. In: OECD, Regions and Innovation Policy, OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation, OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
- Timmer, M. P., Inklaar, R., O’Mahony, M., & Van Ark, B. (2011). Productivity and economic growth in Europe: A comparative industry perspective. International Productivity Monitor, 21, 3.Google Scholar