Journal of the Knowledge Economy

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 294–300 | Cite as

The Effect of Gender Inequality on Economic Development: Case of African Countries

  • Khayria Karoui
  • Rochdi Feki


The debate on the impact of the gender inequality on growth was highly ambiguous. Some studies have shown a positive association between these two while others presented the opposite. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of gender inequality on economic growth in Africa. To this end, a dynamic panel model was estimated by the generalized method of moments (Arellano and Bond 1992). Our results indicate that there is a negative and significant relationship to the 10 % threshold between gender inequality index (GII) and economic growth (GDP).


Gender inequality Economic growth Economic development Dynamic panel data 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Unit Development Economics (URED) FSEGUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Research Unit Development Economics (URED), Graduate School of BusinessUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia

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