Skip to main content

Application research of narrow band Internet of things buoy and surface hydrodynamics monitoring


This paper applies the narrow band Internet of things communication technology to develop a wireless network equipment and communication system, which can quickly set up a network with a radius of 100 km on water surface. A disposable micro buoy based on narrow-band Internet of things and Beidou positioning function is also developed and used to collect surface hydrodynamic data online. In addition, a web-based public service platform is designed for the analysis and visualization of the data collected by buoys. Combined with the satellite remote sensing data, the study carries a series of marine experiments and studies such as sediment deposition tracking and garbage floating tracking.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Du Wencai, Ma Zhengxin, Bai Yong, et al. 2010. Integrated wireless networking architecture for maritime communications. In: Proceedings of the 11th ACIS International Conference on Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, Networking and Parallel/Distributed Computing. London: IEEE, 134–138

    Google Scholar 

  2. Gao Qiang. 2018. Ocean buoy wireless communication protocol research and systemim plementation (in Chinese)[dissertation]. Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology

    Google Scholar 

  3. Moffatt C D. 2005. High-data-rate, line-of-site network radio for mobile maritime communications (using Harris WetNet™ technology). In: Proceedings of OCEANS 2005 MTS/IEEE. Washington: IEEE, 1–8

    Google Scholar 

  4. Srinivasan R, Rajendran V, Zacharia S, et al. 2019. A study of ocean parameters in Bay of Bengal (BoB) using indigenised drifting buoys. Journal of Earth System Science, 128(7): 196, doi:

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Wang Bo, Li Min, Liu Shixuan, et al. 2014. Current status and trend of ocean data buoy observation technology applications (in Chinese). Chinese Journal of Scientific Instrument, 35(11): 2401–2414

    Google Scholar 

  6. Wang Quan, Liu Qingbo, Wang Yue, et al. 2019. Application research of space-based communications system in wisdom ocean. Spacecraft Engineering (in Chinese), 28(2): 126–133

    Google Scholar 

  7. Xia Minghua, Zhu Youmin, Chen Erhu, et al. 2017. The state of the art and challenges of marine communications. Scientia Sinica: Informationis (in Chinese), 47(6): 677–695, doi:

    Google Scholar 

  8. Zhuang Hongru. 2006. Application of automatic monitoring system of water quality on short-term prediction of red tide in Tongan Bay, Xiamen. Marine Environmental Science (in Chinese), 25(2): 58–61

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yiqun Xu.

Additional information

Foundation item

The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41606004.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Xu, Y., Wang, J. & Guan, L. Application research of narrow band Internet of things buoy and surface hydrodynamics monitoring. Acta Oceanol. Sin. 40, 176–181 (2021).

Download citation

Key words

  • narrow band Internet of things
  • abandoned buoy
  • hydrodynamics
  • ocean monitoring
  • satellite remote sensing image