Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 69–76 | Cite as

Grazing and performance of the copepod Pseudodiaptomus poplesia on a Chinese strain of Aureococcus anophagefferens

  • Xuejia He
  • Didi Han
  • Liuyu Han
  • Songhui Lu


Brown tides have recurred in estuary areas globally, but trophic interactions between the causative species Aureococcus anophagefferens and planktonic copepods remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated performance (ingestion, growth, development and reproduction) of the planktonic copepod, Pseudodiaptomus poplesia, offered either mono-algal or mixed-algal diets containing a Chinese strain of A. anophagefferens. A typical Michaelis-Menten pattern existed between ingestion rate and food level when copepod fed on the monoalgal diet of this species. Nauplii exhibited the highest maximum ingestion rate (Imax) than copepodids and adult females. In addition, Imax value was higher in nauplii feeding on A. anophagefferens than on Skeletonema costatum. When fed mixtures of A. anophagefferens and S. costatum, P. poplesia selected against A. anophagefferens cells, but less strongly at the naupliar stage. Nauplii did not undergo metamorphosis and died at late naupliar stages feeding on A. anophagefferens alone, similar to those under starvation. Furthermore, the presence of A. anophagefferens greatly reduced the reproduction rate of females in mixtures but did not influence the growth rate of copepodids. These results suggest that P. poplesia nauplii may exert grazing pressure on A. anophagefferens population during a brown tide, which, however, may not be persistent because of copepod population decline.


A. anophagefferens copepod grazing growth development reproduction 


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuejia He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Didi Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liuyu Han
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Songhui Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Center of Harmful Algae and Marine BiologyJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Eutrophication and Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education InstitutesJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.South China Sea Institute of Planning and Environmental ResearchState Oceanic AdministrationGuangzhouChina

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