Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 67–72 | Cite as

Role of surface warming in the northward shift of tropical cyclone tracks over the South China Sea in November

  • Jia Sun
  • Guihua Wang
  • Juncheng Zuo
  • Zheng Ling
  • Dahai Liu


Tropical cyclones (TCs) formed in the Northwest Pacific Ocean (NWP) can cross the South China Sea (SCS) sometimes. It is found that the TC tracks in the SCS in November are shifted to the north after 1980 compared with those before 1980. Both data analyses and numerical simulations show that the surface warming in the SCS may contribute to this more northward shift. The warming produces a cyclonic atmosphere circulation anomaly in the northwestern SCS and an associated southerly in the central SCS steering the TCs to the north.

Key words

tropical cyclone track South China Sea sea surface temperature 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chan J C L. 1995. Prediction of annual tropical cyclone activity over the western North Pacific and the South China Sea. International Journal of Climatology, 15(9): 1011–1019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chan J C L. 2000. Tropical cyclone activity over the western North Pacific associated with El Niño and La Niña events. Journal of Climate, 13(16): 2960–2972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chan J C L. 2005. The physics of tropical cyclone motion. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 37(1): 99–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chan J C L, Gray W M. 1982. Tropical cyclone movement and surrounding flow relationships. Monthly Weather Review, 110(10): 1354–1374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen Lianshou, Ding Yihui. 1979. An Introduction to the West Pacific Ocean Typhoons (in Chinese). Beijing: Science PressGoogle Scholar
  6. Chia H H, Ropelewski C F. 2002. The interannual variability in the genesis location of tropical cyclones in the northwest pacific. Journal of Climate, 15(20): 2934–2944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choi Y, Yun K S, Ha K J, et al. 2013. Effects of asymmetric SST distribution on straight-moving typhoon ewiniar (2006) and recurving typhoon maemi (2003). Monthly Weather Review, 141(11): 3950–3967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gill A E. 1980. Some simple solutions for heat-induced tropical circulation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 106(449): 447–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hansen J, Ruedy R, Sato M, et al. 2010. Global surface temperature change. Reviews of Geophysics, 48(4): RG4004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Holland G J. 1983. Tropical cyclone motion: environmental interaction plus a beta effect. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 40(2): 328–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Huang Fei, Wang Hong, Dai Ping. 2007. Spatial-temporal characters of the monsoon-ocean coupled mode over the South China Sea and its relation with summer precipitation of China. Periodical of Ocean University of China (in Chinese), 37(3): 351–356Google Scholar
  12. IPCC. 2007. Summary for policy makers. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, et al., eds. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 3–22Google Scholar
  13. Liang Jianyin, Yang Song, Li Cunhui, et al. 2007. Long-term changes in the South China Sea summer monsoon revealed by station observations of the Xisha Islands. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 112(D10): D10104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tu J Y, Chou C, Chu P S. 2009. The abrupt shift of typhoon activity in the vicinity of Taiwan and its association with western North Pacific-East Asian climate change. Journal of Climate, 22(13): 3617–3628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wang Bin, Elsberry R, Wang Yuqing, et al. 1998. Dynamics in tropical cyclone motion: a review. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 22(4): 535–547Google Scholar
  16. Wang Yuqing, Holland G J. 1996a. The beta drift of baroclinic vortices: Part I. Adiabatic vortices. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 53(3): 411–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wang Yuqing, Holland G J. 1996b. The beta drift of baroclinic vortices: Part II. Diabatic vortices. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 53(24): 3737–3756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wang Bin, Huang Fei, Wu Zhiwei, et al. 2009. Multi-scale climate variability of the South China Sea monsoon: a review. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 47(1–3): 15–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wang Ruifang, Wu Liguang, Wang Chao. 2011. Typhoon track changes associated with global warming. Journal of Climate, 24(14): 3748–3752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wu Liguang, Wang Bin, Geng Shuqin. 2005. Growing typhoon influence on East Asia. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(18): L18703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yun K S, Chan J C L, Ha K J. 2012. Effects of SST magnitude and gradient on typhoon tracks around East Asia: acase study for typhoon Maemi (2003). Atmospheric Research, 109–110: 36–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia Sun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guihua Wang
    • 3
  • Juncheng Zuo
    • 4
  • Zheng Ling
    • 5
  • Dahai Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The First Institute of OceanographyState Oceanic AdministrationQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Laboratory for Regional Oceanography and Numerical ModelingQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Coastal Disaster and Defense of Ministry of EducationHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  5. 5.Guangdong Key Laboratory of Coastal Ocean Variability and Disater PredictionGuangdong Ocean UniversityZhanjiangChina

Personalised recommendations