Acta Oceanologica Sinica

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 86–94 | Cite as

Impacts of CO2-driven seawater acidification on survival, egg production rate and hatching success of four marine copepods

  • Dajuan Zhang
  • Shaojing LiEmail author
  • Guizhong Wang
  • Donghui Guo


Ecological experiments were conducted to examine the effects of seawater containing elevated partial pressure of carbon dioxide (\(p_{CO_2 }\) 800×10−6, 2 000×10−6, 5 000×10−6 and 10 000×10−6) on the survival and reproduction of female Acartia pacifica, Acartia spinicauda, Calanus sinicus and Centropages tenuiremis, which are the dominant copepods in the southern coastal waters of China. The results show that the effects of elevated \(p_{CO_2 }\) on the survival rates of copepods were speciesspecific. C. sinicus, which was a macro-copepod, had a higher survival rate (62.01%–71.96%) than the other three species (5.00%–26.67%) during the eight day exposure. The egg production rates of C. sinicus, A. spinicauda and C. tenuiremis were significantly inhibited by the increased pCO2 and the exposure time duration. There were significantly negative impacts on the egg hatching success of A. spinicauda and C. tenuiremis in the \(p_{CO_2 }\) 2 000×10−6 and 10 000×10−6 groups, and, in addition, the exposure time had noticeably impacts on these rates too. This study indicates that the reproductive performances of copepods were sensitive to elevated \(p_{CO_2 }\), and that the response of different copepod species to acidified seawater was different. Furthermore, the synergistic effects of seawater acidification and climate change or other pollutant stresses on organisms should be given more attention.

Key words

CO2-driven acidification copepod survival reproductive performance 


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Oceanography and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dajuan Zhang
    • 1
  • Shaojing Li
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Guizhong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Donghui Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Oceanography and Environmental ScienceXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental ScienceXiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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