A phylogeny of Cephaloziaceae (Jungermanniopsida) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA markers

Abstract

Cephaloziaceae represent a subcosmopolitan lineage of largely terrestrial leafy liverworts with three-keeled perianths, a reduced seta, capsules with bistratose walls, filamentous sporelings, large, thin-walled cells, and vegetative distribution by gemmae. Here we present the most comprehensively sampled phylogeny available to date based on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region and the chloroplast markers trnL-trnF and rbcL of 184 accessions representing 41 of the 89 currently accepted species and four of the five currently accepted subfamilies. Alobielloideae are placed sister to the remainder of Cephaloziaceae. Odontoschismatoideae form a sister relationship with a clade consisting of Schiffnerioideae and Cephalozioideae. Cephalozioideae are subdivided in three genera, Fuscocephaloziopsis, Cephalozia, and Nowellia, the last two in a robust sister relationship. Most morphological species circumscriptions are supported by the molecular topologies but the Cephalozia bicuspidata complex and the Cephalozia hamatiloba complex require further study. A Neotropical clade of Odontoschisma originates from temperate ancestors. Odontoschisma yunnanense is described as new to science.

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Acknowledgments

We thank the directors and curators of the Göttingen University Herbarium (GOET), the Herbarium Haussknecht (JE), the Bavarian State collection for Botany (M), and the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (E) for the loan of specimens and the permission for destructive sampling, and the staff members of the LMU Genomics Service unit for support. Parts of this study were supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG grant HE 3854 / 4).

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Correspondence to Jochen Heinrichs.

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Supplementary file 1: Table S1

Taxa used in the present study, including information about the origin of the studied material, voucher information, as well as GenBank accession numbers. Newly generated sequences in bold. (DOC 293 kb)

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Feldberg, K., Váňa, J., Krusche, J. et al. A phylogeny of Cephaloziaceae (Jungermanniopsida) based on nuclear and chloroplast DNA markers. Org Divers Evol 16, 727–742 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-016-0284-4

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Keywords

  • Cephaloziineae
  • Fuscocephaloziopsis
  • Integrative taxonomy
  • Jungermanniales
  • Liverworts