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Sivelestat relaxes vascular smooth muscle contraction in human gastric arteries

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Sivelestat sodium hydrate (sivelestat) is a novel synthetic drug and specific inhibitor of neutrophil elastase that has been approved in Japan as a treatment for acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. It is important to determine how sivelestat affects hemodynamics and the regulatory mechanisms of vascular smooth muscle (VSM). We recently found that sivelestat relaxes porcine coronary artery VSM via selective inhibition of Ca2+ sensitization induced by a receptor agonist without affecting the normal Ca2+-induced contraction. Although sivelestat relaxes porcine artery, its effects on human artery are unknown; therefore, the purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of sivelestat on human artery. In the present study, sivelestat induced concentration-dependent (1 × 10−6 to 3 × 10−4 M) vasorelaxation in U46619 (1 nM) and sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) (30 mM)-precontracted human gastric artery with or without endothelium, but sivelestat did not induce vasorelaxation in conditions of high K+ (40 mM) depolarization. Sivelestat inhibited VSM contraction by an agonist and SPC, and it did not affect Ca2+-induced normal physiologic contraction.

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We thank Dr. H. Oishi for helpful advice and S. Sato for technical assistance.

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Correspondence to Hiroko Amemori.

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Amemori, H., Maeda, Y., Torikai, A. et al. Sivelestat relaxes vascular smooth muscle contraction in human gastric arteries. J Physiol Biochem 67, 589–593 (2011).

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