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Hemodynamic evaluation of lower limbs in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia

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Revascularization plays an important role in the treatment of chronic limb-threatening ischemia. Evaluation of hemodynamic compromise in the lower extremity is required to optimize the treatment strategy for each patient. A variety of methods have been reported to detect arterial obstruction or impaired foot perfusion. This article reviews each method, clarifying features and limitations.

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All authors contributed to the conception of the paper and literature search. Material preparation, data collection were performed by SI, NF and MU. The first draft of the manuscript was written by SI and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Shigeo Ichihashi.

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All authors have no conflicts relevant to the contents of this paper.

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The consent for publication was obtained from all patients for the data, including photographs. As this was not clinical research, approval from IRB was not required.

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Ichihashi, S., Fujimura, N., Utsunomiya, M. et al. Hemodynamic evaluation of lower limbs in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. Cardiovasc Interv and Ther 37, 635–640 (2022).

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