Genetic diversity of rice germplasm (Oryza sativa L.) of java island, Indonesia

Abstract

The role of genetic diversity in crop germplasm is an important concept within genetic conservation. In this research, 43 accessions were analyzed at the agro-morphological and genetic levels. Clustering based on the agro-morphological resulted in four sub-groups. Analysis at the genetic level was conducted using 22 microsatellites, which revealed a total number of alleles to be 203, with a range per allele between 2 and 17 and an average of 9.2 alleles per locus. The highest and lowest Polymorphic Information Content (PIC) values were found in RM431 and RM11, which were 0.95 and 0.67, respectively. The genetic diversity value ranged from 0.71 to 0.95. The genetic similarity among accessions ranged from 0.00 to 0.90. Clustering based on the genetic relatedness divided the Java rice samples into two major groups. The classification created through this research many inform future breeding programs aimed at improving the quality and quantity of yield production.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by IsDB (Islamic Development Bank) Project and University of Jember, Indonesia.

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This research did not receive any specific Grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Correspondence to Mohammad Ubaidillah.

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Karimah, A.Z., Siswoyo, T.A., Kim, K.M. et al. Genetic diversity of rice germplasm (Oryza sativa L.) of java island, Indonesia. J. Crop Sci. Biotechnol. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-020-00063-4

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Keywords

  • Diversity
  • Agro-morphological
  • SSR
  • Rice
  • Germplasm