Conservation Genetics Resources

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 353–361

Identifying species, sex and individual tigers and leopards in the Malenad-Mysore Tiger Landscape, Western Ghats, India

  • Samrat Mondol
  • N. Samba Kumar
  • Arjun Gopalaswamy
  • Kartik Sunagar
  • K. Ullas Karanth
  • Uma Ramakrishnan
Application Essays

DOI: 10.1007/s12686-014-0371-9

Cite this article as:
Mondol, S., Kumar, N.S., Gopalaswamy, A. et al. Conservation Genet Resour (2015) 7: 353. doi:10.1007/s12686-014-0371-9

Abstract

Assessing the distribution, abundance and demographic ratios of endangered and elusive co-occurring carnivore species at a landscape level is important for their continued survival. Despite potential to determine distribution and dietary analyses, use of faecal samples has been relatively limited in the context of multiple sympatric species living at large landscapes. We developed and optimized a range of novel non-invasive molecular techniques for species, gender and individual identification of tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus). We collected a large number of faecal samples as part of a pilot occupancy survey in the Malenad-Mysore Tiger Landscape, Western Ghats, India. We could genetically ascertain species and gender for 88 and 57 % of the field-collected samples respectively. Additionally, we also determined a panel of nine and eight polymorphic loci for tiger and leopard individual identification, resulting in 18 tigers and 39 leopards from varied quality field-collected samples. Our pilot study suggest such molecular approaches will help in future efforts to gather landscape level distribution, demographic and other ecological information on tigers and leopards across their distribution.

Keywords

Species identification Molecular sexing Panthera tigris Panthera pardus Carnivore conservation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samrat Mondol
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • N. Samba Kumar
    • 3
  • Arjun Gopalaswamy
    • 3
  • Kartik Sunagar
    • 2
  • K. Ullas Karanth
    • 3
    • 4
  • Uma Ramakrishnan
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Cellular and Molecular PlatformsBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.National Centre for Biological SciencesTIFRBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Center for Wildlife StudiesBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Wildlife Conservation SocietyBronxUSA
  5. 5.INSPIRE Faculty, Wildlife Forensics and Conservation Genetics DepartmentWildlife Institute of IndiaDehradunIndia

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