Conservation Genetics Resources

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 363–366 | Cite as

Identification of seventeen microsatellite loci for conservation genetic studies of the endemic wrasse Coris bulbifrons

  • Martin H. van der Meer
  • Michael G. Gardner
  • Michael L. Berumen
  • Jean-Paul A. Hobbs
  • Lynne van Herwerden
Technical Note


Coral reefs around the world are in decline, in part due to various anthropogenic factors, including fishing pressure. Coris bulbifrons is a large wrasse endemic to only four oceanic locations off Australia’s east coast: Middleton Reef, Elizabeth Reef, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. The species is listed as vulnerable by the IUCN due to the potential threat of overfishing. Although these remote locations, some within Marine protected Areas, experience limited fishing pressure, populations may quickly decline with minimal fishing effort as seen in the overfishing of other large wrasses. We developed primers for 17 microsatellite loci to examine gene flow, population genetic structure, and genetic diversity within and among these four locations. Observed heterozygosities ranged 0.126–0.752 in 37 individuals from Lord Howe Island indicating that these loci will be useful in C. bulbifrons population genetic studies.


Coral reef fish Isolated islands Genetic diversity Lord Howe Island 



We are grateful for the valuable support and assistance provided by Sallyann Gudge and Ian Kerr. We thank the Lord Howe Island Board, Envirofund Australia (Natural Heritage Trust) and the Lord Howe Island Marine Park for financial and logistical support. We also thank Gary Crombie for donation of 15 fin clip samples of C. bulbifrons from Lord Howe Island and Sivakumar Neelamegam at KAUST for technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin H. van der Meer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michael G. Gardner
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Michael L. Berumen
    • 7
    • 8
  • Jean-Paul A. Hobbs
    • 9
    • 10
  • Lynne van Herwerden
    • 1
    • 2
    • 11
  1. 1.Molecular Ecology and Evolution Laboratory, Australian Tropical Sciences and Innovation PrecinctJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  2. 2.School of Marine and Tropical BiologyJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  3. 3.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  4. 4.School of Biological SciencesFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  5. 5.Australian Centre for Evolutionary Biology and BiodiversityUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  6. 6.Evolutionary Biology UnitSouth Australian MuseumAdelaideAustralia
  7. 7.Red Sea Research CenterKing Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyThuwalSaudi Arabia
  8. 8.Biology DepartmentWoods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  9. 9.The Oceans Institute and School of Plant BiologyUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  10. 10.Australian Institute of Marine SciencePerthAustralia
  11. 11.Centre for Sustainable Tropical Fisheries and AquacultureJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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