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Table 5 Direct and indirect mediating effects of change for the hypothesized (in italics) and other effects

From: Introspective Interest and Insight in the Context of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: a Randomized Trial

  a path b path ab path
B SE B SE B SE 95% CI [LB, UB]
Δ Perceived stress
  Δ ActAware 4.83* 1.28 − 0.21* 0.08 − 0.94* 0.51 [− 2.22, − 0.19]
  Δ Observing 5.57* 1.07 0.02 0.09 0.13 0.55 [− 0.96, 1.23]
  Δ Accepting 2.50* 1.02 − 0.03 0.10 − 0.11 0.37 [− 0.94, 0.58]
  Δ Insight 3.03* 0.72 − 0.47* 0.13 − 1.43* 0.53 [− 2.63, − 0.54]
  Δ Interest 0.80 0.58 − 0.14 0.16 − 0.11 0.19 [− 0.74, 0.11]
Δ Quality of life
  Δ ActAware 4.77* 1.29 0.03* 0.02 0.15* 0.07 [0.03, 0.34]
  Δ Observing 5.29* 1.05 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.10 [− 0.18, 0.23]
  Δ Accepting 2.77* 1.04 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.05 [− 0.05, 0.19]
  Δ Insight 2.97* 0.72 0.06* 0.03 0.16* 0.07 [0.02, 0.34]
  Δ Interest 0.77 0.58 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 [− 0.04, 0.08]
Δ Negative affect
  Δ ActAware 4.70* 1.28 − 0.02* 0.01 − 0.09* 0.05 [− 0.20, − 0.02]
  Δ Observing 5.48* 1.06 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.07 [− 0.10, 0.19]
  Δ Accepting 2.69* 1.03 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.04 [− 0.04, 0.14]
  Δ Insight 2.99* 0.72 − 0.04* 0.02 − 0.11* 0.06 [− 0.23, − 0.00]
  Δ Interest 0.86 0.58 0.00 0.02 − 0.00 0.02 [− 0.03, 0.06]
Δ Positive affect
  Δ ActAware 4.70* 1.28 0.01 0.01 0.06 0.05 [− 0.03, 0.17]
  Δ Observing 5.48* 1.06 0.02 0.01 0.11* 0.06 [0.00, 0.24]
  Δ Accepting 2.69* 1.03 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.04 [− 0.01, 0.14]
  Δ Insight 2.99* 0.72 0.04* 0.02 0.12* 0.05 [0.03, 0.23]
  Δ Interest 0.86 0.58 0.05* 0.02 0.04 0.04 [− 0.00, 0.14]
  1. *p < .05. Coefficients from the ab bath are bootstrapped; Δ = pre-post change; ActAware acting with awareness (scores on the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale)