A Critical Methodological Review of Mixed Methods Designs Used in Mindfulness Research
There is growing recognition of the importance and value of integrating quantitative and qualitative research in the same study to provide a better understanding of a research question, to capture the complexity of an experience, and for generating more questions of interest for future studies. As the interest in adopting a mixed methods approach in mindfulness research continues to grow, details can be lacking in terms of how a study was conducted and the procedures used to analyze and interpret the data. In an attempt to understand the pattern of how mixed methods research was used in mindfulness research, we conducted a critical methodological review using content analysis. Specifically, mixed methods articles related to mindfulness research were evaluated in terms of how the articles included key components of mixed methods research designs. From our sample (N = 35), none of the articles included all of the recommended components (explicitly state the mixed methods design, the mixed methods research question(s), the rationale for mixed methods, the priority of the strands, and cite mixed methods literature) in a published mixed methods research study. Findings reveal the growing acceptance of mixed methods studies in mindfulness research and the need for more rigor when using mixed methods designs. Researchers are encouraged to clearly outline the reasons for their design and their research questions. This article provides recommendations and can serve as a reference for mindfulness research using mixed methods designs.
KeywordsMindfulness Mixed methods Content analysis Critical methodological review
TH: Designed and executed the study, collected the data collection and analyses, and wrote the paper.
HHB: Collaborated with the design, assisted in the data collection and analyses, and wrote the paper.
MHS: Contributed to the overall study design and development, assisted with data collection and analysis, collaborated in writing the method section, and provided feedback and editing throughout the paper.
No funding to declare. This paper is based on worked submitted as the first author’s mixed methods course assignment.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Articles analyzed in the content analysis are indicated with an asterisk (*).
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