, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 146–158 | Cite as

The Association Between Mindfulness and Grit: an East vs. West Cross-cultural Comparison

  • Buaphrao RaphiphatthanaEmail author
  • Paul E. Jose
  • Phatthanakit Chobthamkit


Mindfulness, namely present-oriented attention that is non-judgmental in nature, and grit, namely perseverance and passion for long-term goals, are psychological constructs that have recently received considerable attention within the West. Given the theoretical importance and heretofore lack of research into how these two constructs relate to each other, the present study aimed to examine how mindfulness and grit relate to each other within Western and non-Western cultures. New Zealand (N = 343) and Thai (N = 233) university students completed a battery of questionnaires that assessed the variables of interest. Although both samples showed a positive association between grit and mindfulness at the construct level, results at the facet level showed several notable differences. Specifically, acting with awareness and non-judging were found to predict grit for NZ students more strongly than for Thai students. These findings suggest that mindfulness evidenced more robust relationships with grit in an individualistic culture than in a collectivist society.


Mindfulness Grit Positive psychology Cross-cultural comparison 


Authors’ Contributions

BR: designed and executed the study, conducted data analyses and wrote the paper. PEJ: collaborated with the design, data analyses and writing of the paper. PC: collaborated with data collection.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The IRP approval for this study was provided by Victoria University of Wellington.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychology at Victoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of Psychology at University of KentCanterburyUK
  3. 3.School of Psychology at Thammasat UniversityKhlong LuangThailand

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