, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 1373–1380 | Cite as

Role of Resilience in Mindfulness Training for First Responders

  • Joshua Benjamin KaplanEmail author
  • Aaron L. Bergman
  • Michael Christopher
  • Sarah Bowen
  • Matthew Hunsinger


First responders are exposed to critical incidents and chronic stressors that contribute to a higher prevalence of negative health outcomes compared to other occupations. Psychological resilience, a learnable process of positive adaptation to stress, has been identified as a protective factor against the negative impact of burnout. Mindfulness-Based Resilience Training (MBRT) is a preventive intervention tailored for first responders to reduce negative health outcomes, such as burnout. This study is a secondary analysis of law enforcement and firefighter samples to examine the mechanistic role of psychological resilience on burnout. Results indicated that changes in resilience partially mediated the relationship between mindfulness and burnout and that increased mindfulness was related to increased resilience (b = 0.41, SE = 0.11, p < .01), which in turn was related to decreased burnout (b = −0.25, SE = 0.12, p = .03). The bootstrapped confidence interval of the indirect effect did not contain zero [95% CI; −0.27, −0.01], providing evidence for mediation. Limitations and implications are discussed.


Mindfulness First responders Resilience Burnout Law enforcement officers Firefighters 


Author Contributions

JK participated in data analysis, writing, and coordination of efforts. AB assisted with writing and editing of manuscript. MC designed and conducted study and assisted with writing and editing. SB participated in design, writing, and editing of study. MH conducted data analysis and participated in writing.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua Benjamin Kaplan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aaron L. Bergman
    • 1
  • Michael Christopher
    • 1
  • Sarah Bowen
    • 1
  • Matthew Hunsinger
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Graduate PsychologyPacific UniversityHillsboroUSA

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