Mindfulness

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 1345–1353 | Cite as

Increased Support for Political Compromise in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Following an 8-Week Mindfulness Workshop

  • Alon Alkoby
  • Eran Halperin
  • Ricardo Tarrasch
  • Nava Levit-Binnun
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Mindfulness training has been shown to have a beneficial impact on emotions and perceptions. We examined whether it would reduce negative emotions and perceptions and lead to increased support for compromise in the context of prolonged intergroup conflict. We also examined the effect of an intervention that combines mindfulness with cognitive reappraisal, a method that enhances emotion regulation. Israeli students participated in a mindfulness course that either began in the winter semester (mindfulness group) or in the spring semester (control group). After the termination of the mindfulness course, all participants were invited to a laboratory session in which they were randomly assigned to either receive or not a short cognitive reappraisal training. The results showed that after being presented with anger-inducing information related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, participants in the mindfulness condition only, the reappraisal condition only or the combined group (mindfulness and reappraisal), were more supportive of conciliatory policies compared to participants that received no mindfulness nor reappraisal training. The increased support for conciliatory policies was mediated by a decrease in negative emotions in all groups, while in the mindfulness group, it was also mediated by reduction in negative perceptions. The combined impact of mindfulness and reappraisal did not reveal any additional effect.

Keywords

Mindfulness MBSR Emotion regulation Perceived threat Compromise Conflict Resolution Reconciliation Peace Reappraisal 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC)HerzliyaIsrael
  2. 2.Division of Learning Disabilities, Constantiner School of EducationTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Sagol School for NeuroscienceTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  4. 4.The Sagol Center for Brain and Mind, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC)HerzliyaIsrael

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