Perception in Romantic Relationships: a Latent Profile Analysis of Trait Mindfulness in Relation to Attachment and Attributions
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To advance understanding of the role of trait mindfulness in attributions for romantic partner transgressions, we examined the direct and indirect associations among attachment, trait mindfulness, and attributions in a sample of 542 young adults in romantic relationships. A latent profile analysis was used to identify four classes of trait mindfulness (i.e., High Mindfulness, Nonjudgmentally Aware, Low Mindfulness, Judgmentally Observing), and a subsequent structural equation model revealed several significant associations among attachment, the classes of trait mindfulness, and benign attributions for partner transgressions. For example, the High Mindfulness class and the Nonjudgmentally Aware class were positively associated with benign attributions. Furthermore, two significant indirect effects emerged. First, heightened attachment anxiety was associated with a decreased probability of being in the Nonjudgmentally Aware class, which was linked to a decrease in benign attributions. Second, avoidant attachment was associated with a decreased probability of membership in the High Mindfulness class, which was linked to a decrease in benign attributions. Areas for future research based on the findings of this study are discussed.
KeywordsAttachment Attribution Couples Latent profile analysis Trait mindfulness
JGK designed and executed the study, performed the statistical analyses, and wrote the manuscript. JAD collaborated with the design of the study and writing of the manuscript. FDF collaborated in the writing and editing of the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This study was approved by the appropriate ethics committee and was performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. All individuals gave their informed consent prior to participating in the study.
The data used in this study was collected with funds from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (SAMHSA) and the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy Minority Fellowship Program (2014 AAMFT MFP Research Grant).
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