Mindfulness

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 68–75 | Cite as

Effects of Samatha Meditation on Active Academic Engagement and Math Performance of Students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Nirbhay N. Singh
  • Giulio E. Lancioni
  • Bryan T. Karazsia
  • Joshua C. Felver
  • Rachel E. Myers
  • Kristen Nugent
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often do not actively engage in academic instruction because they have difficulty in attending to task demands in the classroom. Without adequate intervention, this may result in poor academic outcomes for these students. In a multiple baseline design study, we taught four 5th-grade students Samatha meditation and assessed active engagement in math instruction and the percentage of math problems correctly solved during baseline, meditation training, and meditation practice phases. Results showed the students had varying but low percentages of intervals of active engagement in math instruction during baseline, but evidenced statistically significant increases from baseline to the meditation practice phase. Similarly, their low but varying percentages of math problems solved correctly during baseline showed statistically significant increases from baseline to the meditation practice phase. These results suggest that Samatha meditation may enhance cognitive processes in students with ADHD at a level to benefit them academically.

Keywords

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder Samatha meditation Active academic engagement Math Executive function Students Schools Mindfulness 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nirbhay N. Singh
    • 1
  • Giulio E. Lancioni
    • 2
  • Bryan T. Karazsia
    • 3
  • Joshua C. Felver
    • 4
  • Rachel E. Myers
    • 5
  • Kristen Nugent
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior, Medical College of GeorgiaGeorgia Regents UniversityAugustaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neuroscience and Sense OrgansUniversity of BariBariItaly
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyThe College of WoosterWoosterUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorAlpert Medical School of Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  5. 5.WellStar School of NursingKennesaw State UniversityKennesawUSA
  6. 6.Longwood UniversityFarmvilleUSA

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